He brought with him another woman as a concubine, the prophetess Cassandra, who was famous for not having her prophecies believed. In the works of art, Agamemnon's depiction resemble and is very similar to the representation of Zeus, the king of the gods. The Chorus of old men briefly recounts the story of the Trojan War in all its fateful relations. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Agamemnon's murder is simply a part of the war… Finally arriving at Troy, most of the next nine years was spent in the … Misfortunes, including a plagueand a lack o… Preparing to depart from Aulis, which was a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. According to Greek mythology, Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae, a kingdom of legendary Greece. Although he is a well-respected leader, he does not have strong resolve and can be convinced to act against his better judgment. Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus then ruled the kingdom for some time, until Agamemnon's son Orestes, with the help of his sister Electra, avenged his father's death by murdering Aegisthus and his own mother Clytemnestra. Pierre-Narcisse Guérin / Public Domain / Wikimedia Commons. He offended Artemis by killing one of her sacred animals and the angry goddess obstructed their departure from Boeotia. It is said that her motives for the crime were jealousy of his new lover Cassandra and her wrath at the sacrifice of Iphigenia, as well as his departure to war over the Helen of Troy. The family history of Agamemnon was not really great. A great warrior, he sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia in order to obtain a favorable wind to carry the Greek fleet to Troy. Agamemnon took Cassandra, a daughter of Priam, a former king of Troy, as his reward and set sail back to Greece. Agamemnon's son Orestes took revenge by killing Clytemnestra, his mother. It was not long, before Aegisthus took revenge on Atreus and murdered him. Therefore, Aeschylus illustrates Clytemnestra’s suffering when her husband is at war, and then to add to that suffering, the sacrifice of her daughter, so she murders Agamemnon claiming it was justifiable in avenge for her daughter’s death and thinks that it helps put an end to her suffering. He led the Greeks in the Trojan War and was murdered by Clytemnestra, his wife, upon his return from Troy. Agamemnon rallies the troops to attack Troy (aka Ilium), using the oath of Tyndareus. ACHILLES. Trojan War Paris (aka Alexander) ‘steals’ Helen from Menelaus. Biography of Helen of Troy, Cause of the Trojan War, Non-Canonical Retelling of the Tale of Troy, Summary of the Chapters of Barry Strauss' 'Trojan War: A New History', Profile of the Greek Hero Achilles of the Trojan War, Profile of Ajax: Greek Hero of the Trojan War, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. Possibly meaning "very steadfast" in Greek. His second strike was killing their daughter Iphigenia, and his third strike was flagrant disregard shown for Clytemnestra by parading another woman in her home. Preparing to depart from Aulis, a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. The Greeks consequently started losing battles and morale was getting lower and lower. Driven by an all-encompassing lust for power and glory, the king of Mycenae rallied the many kingdoms of Achaea against Troy, determined to raze the fabled city to … Agamemnon then led his men into a battlefield, filled them with good positive morale and himself fought bravely. The core of the Iliad (Books II – XXIII) describes a period of four days and two nights in the tenth year of the decade-long siege of Troy; the Ody… It involved with treachery, … There is a legend, which says that Agamemnon’s army had to face the anger of goddess Artemis while departing towards Troy from the port of Boeotia. Achilles was the bravest, handsomest, and greatest warrior of the army of Agamemnon in the Trojan War. Agamemnon and Clytemnestra together had four children, one son and three daughters. Agamemnon was a son of Atreus, the husband of Clytemnestra (a daughter of Tyndareus), and the brother of Menelaus, who was the husband of Helen of Troy (Clytemnestra's sister). She is the daughter of Priam, king of Troy. He offended Artemis by killing one of her sacred animals and the angry goddess obstructed their departure from Boeotia. Briseis was a female character who appeared in the tales of Greek mythology during the Trojan War. It was rumored that Helen—Menelaus’ wife—was abducted, by Paris, Prince of Troy, with the help of Aphrodite. Agamemnon and the Trojan War The Trojan War is the legendary (and almost certainly mythical) conflict in which Agamemnon laid siege to Troy in an effort to retrieve Helen, his sister-in-law after she had been taken to Troy by Paris. Clytemnestra and her lover (Agamemnon's cousin), killed Agamemnon. There are several reasons throughout myth for such wrath: in Aeschylus' play Agamemnon, Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at Troy, whereas in Sophocles' Electra, Agamemnon has slain an animal sacred to Artemis, and subsequently boasted that he was Artemis' equal in hunting. He had to overcome his first obstacle while still in Greece. When the Trojan prince Paris carried off Helen, wife of his brother Menelaus, Agamemnon called for revenge and led the Greek forces to victory during the Trojan War. He became king of Mycenae by driving out his uncle, Thyestes, with the help of King Tyndareus of Sparta. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. In order for the Greek fleet to set sail from Aulis, Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia to the goddess Artemis. King Agamemnon, ruler of gold-rich Mycenae, at the onset of the Trojan War commanded the largest fleet ever to sail the Aegean sea. Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. There are several reasons throughout myth for such wrath: in Aeschylus' play Agamemnon, Artemis is angry for the young men who will die at Troy, whereas in Sophocles' Electra, Agamemnon has slain an animal sacred to Artemis, and subsequently boasted that he was Artemis' equal in hunting. After the Trojan War Agamemnon was killed by his wife Clytemnestra. This act, which was caused by the gods themselves, led to a war between Greeks and Trojans. Agamemnon definition, a king of Mycenae, a son of Atreus and brother of Menelaus. Preparing for departure from Aulis, a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. Achilles, in Greek mythology, son of the mortal Peleus, king of the Myrmidons, and the Nereid, or sea nymph, Thetis. Eventually, Menelaus succeeded Tyndareus in Sparta and with his superior army helped his brother to drove away Thyestes and reclaim his throne in Mycenae. Atreus even went so far that the murdered children were on the menu of Thyestes for a while. Agamemnon was a Greek leader in the great Trojan war. Preparing to depart from Aulis, which was a port in Boeotia, Agamemnon's army incurred the wrath of the goddess Artemis. He unified the Greek forces against and attacked Troy. Agamemnon was the king of Mycenae and his brother Menelaus was the … for many characters; however, Clytemnestra suffers the most. Driven by an all-encompassing lust for power and glory, the king of Mycenae rallied the many kingdoms of Achaea against Troy, determined to raze the fabled city to the ground in pursuit of his bloody ambition. Agamemnon gathered the reluctant Greek forces to sail for Troy. Agamemnon (pronounced a-ga-mem'-non), was the leading king of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. On his return home he was murdered by his wife and her lover. The Trojan War is possibly one of the most narrated conflicts in history, but its story resides in the space between fact and fiction, and the mythological occupies as much of a space as the historical. Agamemnon himself managed to survive but was murdered upon his arrival back to his homeland, by either his wife Clytemnestra whom he married while at Sparta or her lover who happened to be Aegisthus, the son of his uncle Thyestes who fathered him with his own daughter Pelopia. the family history. The war is one of the most important events in Greek mythology and has been narrated through many works of Greek literature, most notably Homer's Iliad. It was prophesied that the Nereid Thetis, were she to ever concieve, would give birth to a son who would become even greater than his father. The king of Argos, and one of the commanders of the Greek fleet. The play opens as a watchman joyously recognizes the signal indicating that Troy has fallen, and that Agamemnon will therefore soon be headed home. Greek soldiers were becoming more and more reluctant and, as a result of this, he had to sacrifice one of his daughters, called Iphigenia, to the angry goddess. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War (Greek: Τρωικός Πόλεμος; Turkish: Truva Savaşı) was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. In The Iliad, Agamemnon was the commander of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. Together, they exiled Agamemnon and Menelaus from Mycenae. Agamemnon (pronounced a-ga-mem'-non), was the leading king of the Greek forces in the Trojan War. Despite his heroics and great leadership, Agamemnon was a casualty of unfortunate events in his family which were based on treachery, rape, murder and incest. 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