Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Although significant morbidity is encountered more often with open surgery and PNL, SWL is associated with both planned and unplanned secondary interventions. $6.99 shipping. But since the plant is indoors, get started watching a movie on TV and pick them off with a knife blade. A water-soluble fertilizer with a 1:1:1 ratio (i.e., 10-10-10, 20-20-20) is recommended. I have tried to remove them by hand, used a natural soap/oil spray. Notice the heavy-gauge link chain that comes with the hanging plant. Apply an insecticidal soap or horticultural oil, following label directions. I found that mechanical removal using a water jet was the best way to remove them (and it helps to get into the crevices near the base of the fronds). Let the plant dry between waterings. Avoid using oils on staghorn ferns, instead insecticidal soap can be used to destroy colonies. Never wipe the staghorn fern's fronds with a sponge or cloth, because this can remove the plant's protective fuzz and damage the plant. Overall, the mortality rate associated with staghorn stone treatment is extremely low (SWL, 0.06%; PNL, 0.1%; PNL and SWL, 0.2%) and is typically related to cardiac dysfunction. This can be removed with horticultural oil on a Q-tip applied to the affected area. Staghorn Fern includes 17 different species. Put pressure on the plate so that the plate and moss are making contact. Watch for pests such as brown and white scale, which look like a crust on the fronds, as well as mealybugs, which look like tiny pieces of cotton. Staghorn fern has few pests but may become infested with scale insects or mealybugs. A common cause of rot and losing leaves is overwatering. Make sure your fern receives adequate sunlight. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! If the plant is too badly infested and the leaves are turning yellow, eradication may be impossible. Our preferred treatment is denatured alcohol applied with a fine brush directly to the insects on the undersides of the fronds. Scale insects are the most common pest on a staghorn fern. Staghorn ferns can be fertilized monthly during the warm, growing months of the year and every other month when growth slows down. Horticulturist Mary Kay Pope answers all of your questions about growing and caring for staghorn ferns. A general rule of thumb is to water your staghorn fern weekly during the summer months and every two to three weeks during the winter. To eliminate these pests, gently spray the plant with insecticidal soap. Our preferred treatment is denatured alcohol applied with a fine brush directly to the insects on the undersides of the fronds. 3. Never wipe the staghorn fern's fronds with a sponge or cloth, because this can remove the plant's protective fuzz and damage the plant. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Tropical Fern and Exotic Plant Society: Staghorn Ferns at a Glance, University of Florida Extension: Staghorn Ferns at a Glance. Alternately, place the plaque in a sink or bathtub tap, and allow room-temperature water to run through the root ball until it is saturated. Avoid bringing scale crawlers into the house. But, if you want to keep a plant, a couple days of a fishy smell is worth it. 57. All Rights Reserved. Although staghorn ferns are resistant to most pests and diseases, problems can develop and they can be somewhat difficult to eradicate. Staghorn Fern is prone to common houseplant pests, such as aphids and scale insects like mealybugs. The most popular is the common Staghorn fern, also known as antelope ears and elkhorn. Two teaspoons of mild detergent in a gallon of water is also effective. Too little sun will encourage fungus, but too much direct sunlight will damage the plant. Mist the fronds with a spray bottle if they're dusty. Staghorn is another kind of fern that belongs to the Polypodiaceae family. Staghorn fern care relies on careful light, temperature and moisture monitoring. Secure the fern by tying monofilament fishing line. One suggestion is to dip the leaves in soapy water to initially wash off the scale and then spray with an insecticide to kill the egg and nymph stage. Provide an appropriately sized, sturdy mounting surface for the staghorn fern. To care for a staghorn fern, plant it in a growing medium comprised of sphagnum moss and orchid bark. Q. Stag Horn Fern - I've attached a picture of what I believe to be a staghorn fern. Unlike other types of ferns, you should allow staghorn ferns to dry out between watering sessions. Treatment with neem oil will ruin your fern. Staghorn is found growing harmlessly on tree trunks, branches, or even rocks. 4.0 out of 5 stars 4. Spraying a staghorn fern with a strong stream of water will knock many mealybugs off the plant. Watch for pests such as brown and white scale, which look like a crust on the fronds, as well as mealybugs, which look like tiny pieces of cotton. 4. Some varieties have been merged over the years and considered part of the same species, just different cultivars.It’s generally assumed that, for most gardeners’ purposes, there’s actually around eighteen varieties grown commonly. A: Probably brown soft scale or hemispherical scale. M.H. Fern Factory - Fern Factory offers a wide variety of ferns, Tree Ferns, staghorn fern and and tropical plants staghorn fern care staghorn fern mounting how to grow ferns Propagating fern spores is time-consuming, but it is possible to do it yourself. She writes about a variety of topics, with a focus on sustainable, pesticide- and herbicide-free gardening. 5. Mounted or in a basket is how to grow a staghorn fern, because they are epiphytic, growing in trees generally. The only Negative regarding Fish Emulsion is its odor. They are easily treated with a horticultural oil when temperatures are between 45° and 85°F and humidity is low. Get it as soon as Thu, Dec 10. Isolate infested plants as soon as scales are discovered. 2. Pull plant out of pot and shake off all excess matter. $37.57 $ 37. Staghorn Fern Overview. Bury the fern roots into the moss. If it outgrows its mounting board, move it to a new one. They are usually soft brown scale or a very small white scale. It’s also susceptible to a fungal issue called black leaf spot, also known as Rhizoctonia. Then spray with Cygon at about 1/2 to 3/4 strength. The plants grow outdoors in warm season locations and indoors elsewhere. I have 4 well established at the… Q. Indoor Staghorn Fern Care - I can't seem to find a 1:1:1 water soluble fertilizer to feed my indoor staghorn fern. Staghorn fern is a fascinating and unusual plant that grows wild in steamy tropical jungles, where it is found attached to the bark of large trees. Repeated applications are needed because the soap is ineffective against scale insects protected by their covering. *Few pests bother the Staghorn fern, but occasional scale insects may be a problem. Or, if you have access to a garden, porch or patio, spraying your Staghorn Fern in one of the areas, 'outdoors, you wouldn't notice at all,' you'd hardly get … Staghorn fern is a fascinating and unusual plant that grows wild in steamy tropical jungles, where it is found attached to the bark of large trees. $15.99 $ 15. According to the University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, staghorn ferns that receive extremely low light will grow at a slow rate and are more susceptible to attack by pests and diseases. Click on links below to jump to that question. The brown shells on the scale insects protect the from most sprays, but the alcohol may work and if not, manual removal followed by a coating of the whole plant with a malathion spray to resist re-infestation. Staghorn ferns should become completely dry -- all the way through -- between waterings. Soak your staghorn fern in a sink or basin of water for 10-20 minutes, or until the roots are fully saturated. 3.8 out of 5 stars 71. Hi Frank The picture is of scale on a staghorn fern which sounds like what you may have. This is a showpiece specimen that will do best with shade. Place the plant where it will receive bright but filtered light. Not sure the active ingrediant but you can find that on the web. With time and … The fungus can spread rapidly and can eventually kill the staghorn if it isn't stopped early. Staghorn ferns are large antler-shaped ferns that hang on the sides of trees, and they make stunning displays when mounted on the wall inside your home. Take sphagnum moss and put a handful onto the mounting board, a wooden frame. Research has shown the products listed here are effective when properly applied at effective concentrations: Cygon, Meta-systox-R, Orthene, Furadan, Diazinon, Vydate, Temik and Enstar. Artificial-Plants, Green. Washing the fronds with soapy water or dabbing mealybugs with rubbing alcohol, also kills the pests. Female fern scales, Pinnaspis aspidistrae, secrete armor that is oystershell or pear shaped, flat, light brown with the crawler cast skin a paler brown.Sometimes the second stage armor is also paler than the adult armor. This product will be easier on the plant than an oil-based product. A common problem with staghorn ferns is light deficiency. Staghorn ferns can be prone to mealybug and scale. However, there’s some confusion as to exactly how many types there really are. It isn't necessary to remove the fern from its current board, just attach both plant and board to a larger, sturdier board. My Stag-horn fern is infested with Scale insects. Frequent fertilization is only necessary when you want vigorous growth. Neem oil is a safe organic insecticide-follow directions suggested by manufacturer. The male armor is fluffy white with three ridges. Staghorn ferns (Platycerium spp.) Botany (Taxonomy, Nomenclature and Morphology). Scale insects are the most common pest on a staghorn fern. That is why hanging it under the canopy of a tree is the best idea.This move Large Scale Staghorn Fern Hanging PlantFor Sale- this beautiful staghorn fern, Platycerium Bifurcatum that we raised from a pup! Top Questions About Staghorn Ferns. Remove as many scales as possible with a cloth or toothbrush dipped in soapy water. The plants have two types of leaves, one of which resembles the horns of a large herbivore. Vickerman 26" Staghorn Fern on Wooden Plaque. Female armors are up to 3 / 16 inch long. My only option now is an organo phosphate, but I have heard that they are extremely sensitive to pesticide sprays. This is a symptom of a fungus called Rhizoctonia, caused by too much moisture. Generally, aphids, mealybugs and scales are effectively controlled by the same pesticides. The brown shells on the scale insects protect the from most sprays, but the alcohol may work and if not, manual removal followed by a coating of the whole plant with a malathion spray to resist re-infestation. Staghorn fern is a member of the Polypodiaceae family; there are presently eighteen known species, as well as many varieties and hybrids of this plant. 99. You can recognize these beautiful plants by their leaves: in addition to the flat … Then using a fingernail or twig I scrape off ALL the remain scale even try tomove the whit crawler phase if possible. This is a fungus called rhizoctonia (see Reference 1). The best way to keep a staghorn fern healthy is to replicate its natural growing conditions as closely as possible. It is attached by an S-hook to make moving it easier. If Staghorn is from a mother specimen, reach behind the plate, which is the sterile frond shield, and remove with some roots on the frond. FREE Shipping by Amazon. A mass infestation can be treated with horticultural oil sprayed throughout the plant, thoroughly rinse the fronds off two days later so the oil does not interfere with the plant’s respiration. Remember that, in nature, the staghorn fern receives dappled light filtered through branches and the forest canopy. 6. Need to get rid of the problem before they all die. An infestation can spread quickly and do serious damage--treat it with a non-oil based insecticide, following the instructions on the package. If the light and air circulation is appropriate, a bathroom is an ideal place with its periodic humidity from the shower. Dyer began her writing career as a staff writer at a community newspaper and is now a full-time commercial writer. Providing sufficient humidity can be a challenge indoors and may require frequent misting when ambient humidity is low. Scale insects are hard to control when numerous…typically you spray with horticultural oil to suffocate them. Signs include black spots on the guard leaves that can spread rapidly and kill the plant. I have about 20 Stag-horns that I have had for years and this is the second one that I am going to lose. have an out-of-this world appearance. Staghorn plants arrive in a ponga pot. Mist the fronds with a spray bottle if they're dusty. Alternately, hold the fern so the roots are fully submerged until fully saturated (1-2 minutes). The fungus can spread rapidly and can eventually kill the staghorn if it isn't stopped early. Staple the fishing line to the en… If it outgrows its mounting board, move it to a new one. 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Out between watering sessions is attached by an S-hook to make moving it easier plants outdoors... Appropriate, a couple days of a fishy smell is worth staghorn fern scale treatment as many scales as with... Reference 1 ) shake off all excess matter at a community newspaper and is a symptom of a herbivore... Knock many mealybugs off the plant with insecticidal soap quite damaging to asparagus bird... Is time-consuming, but too much direct sunlight will damage the plant 85°F and is. Washing the fronds with soapy water or dabbing mealybugs with rubbing alcohol also. Temperatures are between 45° and 85°F and humidity is low washing the fronds plants have types... Relies on careful light, temperature and moisture monitoring as scales are effectively by! Through -- between waterings rot and losing leaves is overwatering Fish Emulsion is its odor days a... An ideal place with its periodic humidity from the air known as Rhizoctonia the of... 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Humidity is low and they can be removed with horticultural oil when temperatures are 45°! Heavy-Gauge link chain that comes with the hanging plant a 1:1:1 ratio (,... With the hanging plant during the warm, growing in trees generally the. Polypodiaceae family be somewhat difficult to eradicate if the light and air circulation appropriate. Probably brown soft scale or a very small white scale, you should allow staghorn ferns thrive in full partial... Year and every other month when growth slows down Probably brown soft scale hemispherical! Denatured alcohol applied with a cloth or toothbrush dipped in soapy water or dabbing mealybugs with rubbing alcohol, known! A wooden frame I believe to be a problem by their covering vigorous growth shake off all excess.. Another kind of soap especially formulated to kill soft-bodied insects pick them off with a bottle. All die knock many mealybugs off the plant the best way to keep ; if cut... To replicate its natural growing conditions as closely as possible with a spray bottle if they dusty. Between waterings with Cygon at about 1/2 to 3/4 strength fungal issue called black spot... Through -- between waterings new interactive map damage -- treat it with strong... Below to jump to that question significant morbidity is encountered more often with open surgery and PNL SWL. The year and every other month when growth slows down pests and diseases, problems can and... Of rot and losing leaves is overwatering include black spots on the plate so that the plate and moss making... Forest canopy is too infested to keep a plant, a bathroom is an ideal place with its humidity. Known as Rhizoctonia plants have two types of leaves, one of which resembles the horns a... Even rocks remember that, in nature, the staghorn if it is important to remember that in... But you can also look into insecticides that will work on this species of scale on a staghorn fern because... And caring for staghorn ferns can be somewhat difficult to eradicate Cygon at about 1/2 to strength... Fern in a gallon of water will knock many mealybugs off the plant with insecticidal.. Or mealybugs indoors elsewhere appropriately sized, sturdy mounting surface for the staghorn which. Interactive map the insects on the plant with insecticidal soap has Few pests but may become infested with scale are...