Barrels can depict native plants and alternatives to lawn and the benefits to the Barnegat Bay by having a Jersey-Friendly Yard. He evaluated the growth and development of plant species utilized for erosion prevention on coastal dunes. The life cycles, […] Native plants have evolved over thousands of years to be adapted to conditions in a particular region and to the other plants and animals around them. Save Barnegat Bay was alarmed by these plans, which essentially tore out flourishing native vegetation that was equipped to handle the climate and conditions of the area with decorative plants that could potentially destroy critical habitat for migrating birds and insects. Bay Leaf plants are slow growing trees with leaves that are used as seasoning in cooking. Natural Resource Education Foundation of New Jersey, “Scientific Characterization of the Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor Estuary and Watershed” (September 2001), BBP Developing Two New Watershed Protection and Restoration Plans, Virtual Meetings to Kick-off Development of Two New Sub-Watershed Plans. The shoreline of Barnegat Bay in Waretown, N.J., near where the former Oyster Creek nuclear power plant used to operate, Oct. 17. It has a stout, heavy body that tapers to a narrow tail. Dr. Tallamy proposes caterpillars are the answer, as they are essential to sustaining food webs; for example, caterpillars make up a dominant portion of the nestling diets of 16 out of 20 bird families. She is majoring in Geosciences with a concentration in Earth, Oceans, and Climate, and she is pursuing two minors, one in Soil and Water Science and another in History. Common Fish of the Atlantic Ocean and Barnegat Bay The names listed below are linked to information about each species. Except for the croaker, the links are to pages from the online version of the 'Fishes of the Gulf of Maine.' Barnegat Bay is considered a highly eutrophic area, which in turn makes it prone to degraded water quality as well as blooms of noxious algal species. Corrine’s love for the outdoors began when she was young, specifically mesmerized by the ocean and all of its mystery. She is currently on track to complete a bachelors of science degree in Environmental Studies. Cooling water for the plant was drawn from Barnegat Bay, a brackish estuary that empties into the Atlantic Ocean through the Barnegat Inlet. How can I choose the best plants for my yard? Check out the latest bird sightings here! These larvae then bury into the ground and pupate, and they only emerge two years later, when the acorns are mature, in order to mate and lay the eggs of their young in the acorns. There will also be a native plant sale at The 15 th Annual Barnegat Bay Festival on Sunday June 3, 2012 in Island Heights, NJ beginning at10 am. Out of all our native plants, only 5% make 75% of the caterpillar food that drives food webs. Bay leaf plants are a member of the family lauraceae. Image credit: Corrine Hinton. Photo credit: Brianna Hoegler. Of particular concern has been the corrosion and deterioration of the plant from age and the accumulation of nuclear waste that will remain highly radioactive for thousands of years. But the seedlings had to be sprinkled by … Learn more > During his talk, Dr. Tallamy argued two main points: one, relying solely on government and organizations to save the environment will not work, so everyone must have a hand in protecting the Earth, and two, we must begin our preservation of the environment by focusing on the most important species— that is, the species that contribute the most to ecosystem function. It is also known as bay laurel, sweet bay and simply laurel. Photo credit: Brianna Hoegler. Dr. Doug Tallamy has outlined four easy steps that any person can help to undertake to promote native species and ecological diversity in their own backyards. The Jersey-Friendly Yards website is a guide to making environmentally responsible landscaping decisions for a healthier yard and a healthier Barnegat Bay. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The finfish community in Barnegat Bay is composed of different categories, including 31% residents, 65% warm-water migrants, 3% cool-water migrants, and 1% marine and freshwater strays. So, when selecting native plants for our yards, we must choose productive plants that support many native species, such as native oaks, which support 557 species of native caterpillars in the mid-Atlantic region. Ocean County College, College Drive, PO Box 2001, Toms River, NJ 08754 Phone (732) 255-0472 Fax (732) 255-0358 Sign up for email or connect through social media. Corrine is a rising junior at East Stroudsburg University in Pennsylvania. in the Barnegat Bay Watershed What are native plants? impacts to numerous plant and animal species, including submerged aquatic vegetation and decreases to commercial and recreational fisheries. All Rights Reserved. Out of all our native plants, only 5% make 75% of the caterpillar food that drives food webs. This Oct. 17, 2019 photo shows spray on a dock on Barnegat Bay in Brick, N.J. Scientists say the shutdown of the Oyster Creek nuclear power plant … Connect with organizations that are working every day to protect Barnegat Bay. So, when selecting native plants for our yards, we must choose productive plants that support many native species, such as native oaks, which support 557 species of native caterpillars in the mid-Atlantic region. Except for the croaker, the links are to pages from the online version of the 'Fishes of the Gulf of Maine.' Kevin participated in the Student Grant Program in the first ever class of Awardees in 2007. After Sandy damaged Route 35 in Bay Head, New Jersey, it was replanted with a species of salt-tolerant trees sourced from Asia. The Jersey-Friendly Yards website is a guide to making environmentally responsible landscaping decisions for a healthier yard and a healthier Barnegat Bay. By carving up our natural lands into small, disconnected segments and by threatening our native plants with non-native invasive species, human activity has wrecked ecological havoc. Barnegat Bay Species Database Use the Keyword search or filters below to narrow your search to locate Barnegat Bay species information. Mid-Bay BB-3 Oyster Creek BB-4 Parkertown Stable Isotopes of C and N: Indicators of Sources and Change • Spartina sp are C4 plants and would yield δ13C of OC at ~ -15 to -12 per mil • Terrestrial plants in this area, as well as algae, are C3 plants and would yield δ13C of OC at ~ -30 to - 18 per mil (algae are more enriched in 13C) Caterpillars make up a significant portion of the nestling diets of many bird families, especially due to their high carotenoid content. Image credit: Corrine Hinton. Mowing the grass kills any life that may try to live in our yards, and the use of fertilizers and pesticides threaten our watersheds. If you are a property owner, you can follow Dr. Doug Tallamy’s steps to create spaces where native species and insects can thrive. × (1984) recorded 116 species of benthic algae in Barnegat Bay, with the dominant forms being Ulva lactuca, Gracilaria tikvahiae, Codium fragile, Zostera marina, Ceramium fastigiatum, and Agardhiella subulata. To learn more about the book club, Nature is full of these specialized relationships. Superstorm Sandy provided a test in October of 2012, as the storm came ashore just south of Barnegat Bay. Layered landscapes with native ferns, shrubs, and other forms of groundcovers help to promote survivorship of caterpillar species. (609) 660-5725. Great Bay is located in southern New Jersey's Atlantic Coastal Plain in Ocean and Atlantic Counties, about ten miles (16 km) north of Atlantic City and 87 mi (140 km) south of New York City.The Mullica River flows into the bay, and together they form the Mullica River - Great Bay estuary habitat.The bay is connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Little Egg Inlet. Web Design by S-FX.com. Dr. Tallamy started out his talk by illustrating the important connections different organisms have that make life possible. The park can be reached by taking the Garden State Parkway to exit 63. When these acorns fall at the end of the two years, little larvae emerge— the larvae of acorn weevils. Save Barnegat Bay. The environmental group Save Barnegat Bay held a conference Wednesday where scientists noted the … All spaces have ecological significance, including our yards. ... ©2020 Barnegat Bay Partnership. The Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis) is a native insect species to New Jersey. The answer is simple: we need to add plants to our yards that support caterpillar populations. Copyright © 2019. The goal of this website is to provide information about the various species of shellfish in Barnegat Bay … Mowing our lawns and removing leaf litter causes larvae to drop to the ground and die. Because of the calm water and seagrasses, the Barnegat Bay is an ideal nursery for many estuarine and marine species. Brianna is a rising junior at the University of Arizona. The National Wildlife Federation’s. Benthic macroalgae and vascular plants (seagrasses) comprise the submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) community of the Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor estuarine system. The overall composition varies greatly, but the consistently dominant seaweed species are sea lettuce ( Ulva lactuca ), red seaweed ( Gracilaria tikvahiae ), green fleece ( Codium fragile ), banded weed ( Ceramium fastigiatum ), and red seaweed ( Agardhiella subulata ). Learn more >, Along the edges of the Barnegat Bay watershed, remnants of the Maritime Forest plant community have survived intense development pressures from as early as colonial times when substantial areas of Maritime Forest were cleared for coastal farms and homesteads. Environmental stewardship is the responsibility of every human being. Because she found that young lives are captivated by the same mystery she was, she wants to bridge imagination and science, relating facts to fun. Red oaks, as he explained, take two years for their acorns to mature. By reducing the size of our lawns and replacing them with more sustainable and diverse greenspace, we can better protect native animals and develop a more personal relationship with nature. Learn about the predator-prey relationships of these flower-visiting beneficial insects and how they help keep problem insect populations in balance. iNaturalist is another helpful resource to learn more about native plants and insects. Two common forms of SAV in the Barnegat Bay are eelgrass (Zostera marina), a plant, and sea lettuce (Ulva lactuca), a type of algae. The remaining 95% has been altered by all sorts of activities: the land has been logged, tilled, grazed, and paved; river paths have been altered by damming; our skies have been polluted and our climate has been irreversibly changed; and throughout the U.S., non-native species have been introduced that threaten to out compete native species and disrupt the specialized relationships on which the natural world is built. Corrine visits the Barnegat Bay light house every summer, exploring and learning something new about the bay environment every time. It was proposed as a single 1,070 MW reactor in 1969 to be built by Combustion Engineering and operated by Jersey Central Power and Light. Not all native plants are created equal. Her internship with Save Barnegat Bay will give her important knowledge to further her passion in educating generations to come. The National Estuary Program (NEP) promotes the conservation and management of nationally significant estuaries threatened by pollution, development, or overuse. Eelgrass (Zostera marina) is the dominant seagrass species in Barnegat Bay, forming dense beds particularly on sandflats) along the backside of the barrier island system (Barnegat Bay Estuary Program, 2001). , was the Save Barnegat Bay Book Club pick for the month of May. The degraded water and algal blooms lead to anoxic conditions, which results in the loss of habitat and possibly the loss of fish species or other species in the area of anoxic conditions. So, when selecting native plants for our yards, we must choose productive plants that support many native species, such as native oaks, which support 557 species of native caterpillars in the mid-Atlantic region. In addition, anyone can volunteer their time to organizations focused on promoting the health of our ecosystems. The facility would have been located on a site between JCP&L's existing Oyster Creek Nuclear Generating Station and the Garden State Parkway. Learn more >, Natural Resource Education Foundation of New JerseyNew Jersey Pinelands CommissionPinelands Preservation Alliance“Scientific Characterization of the Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor Estuary and Watershed” (September 2001). Simply put, if insects were to disappear, we could not survive. Similar in appearance to grass shrimp, sand shrimp can be identified by a few key characteristics. By carving up our natural lands into small, disconnected segments and by threatening our native plants with non-native invasive species, human activity has wrecked ecological havoc. However, human activity has disrupted the natural world, and the chan. Learn more >, The western shores of Barnegat Bay directly border the region of New Jersey known as the Pine Barrens or Pinelands. Landscape plans and ideas. The Native Plant Society of New Jersey has identified over 2,000 native plant species in our state, ... A Guide to Landscaping with Native Plants in the Barnegat Bay Watershed Flora of New Jersey Project ... Center US Fish & Wildlife Service: Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping – Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Changes in natural habitats make the region more vulnerable to coastal storms and flooding. Save Barnegat Bay was alarmed by these plans, which essentially tore out flourishing native vegetation that was equipped to handle the climate and conditions of the area with decorative plants that could potentially destroy critical habitat for migrating birds and insects. However, human activity has disrupted the natural world, and the changes we have made are far-reaching. If you enjoy growing herbs, this is a great one to try, since it has a very aromatic flavor. Information about New Jersey Native plants and low-impact and environmentally friendly landscaping techniques. Barnegat Bay Habitats and Plant Communities. A three-year study of Barnegat Bay in the late 1970s documented 107 fish species of 57 families. However, caterpillar populations may be under threat, as caterpillars are host plant specialists, meaning that each species is adapted to rely on only a handful of plants for food. Loveland, et al. The plant is cooled with 1.4 billion gallons of water each day from Barnegat Bay, but the warm water the plant returns to the bay disrupts its fragile ecosystem. Native plants have evolved over thousands of years to be adapted to conditions in a particular region and to the other plants and animals around them. Barnegat Lighthouse State Park Flora. Not all native plants are created equal. In the contiguous United States, less than 5% of the land is close to a pristine natural state. Native plants can be selected to attract specific bees and beneficial insects including predatory and parasitic wasps, beetles, flies, true bugs, and lacewings. This perfectly-timed interaction is no accident; it is actually a specialized relationship between these two species, and it is an example of how the behaviors of one species, the acorn weevil, relies on the patterns of another, the red oaks, to survive. Nature is full of these specialized relationships. The plant was located 50 miles (80 km) east of Philadelphia and 75 miles (121 km) south of New York City. The length of the nektonic species, adult fish, whales and squid, which swim and migrate freely in the water, was likely affected by the warmer waters of the nuclear plant when it was in operation, according to preliminary study results. Island Beach State Park provides the most extensive example of the natural vegetation typical of New Jersey’s barrier islands and spits. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Still, it’s too early to tell if the permanent shutdown of the nuclear plant has had a significant impact. 398 N Main St. … Light pollution kills insects in a variety of ways, from causing collisions to blindness. The Sedge Island Wildlife Management Area in Barnegat Bay is located within NJ's first Marine Conservation Zone, just off Island Beach State Park.The shallow water surrounding the group of islands serves as a nursery for many species of marine animals including blue claw crabs, hard clams and fish. Landscape plans and ideas. The Barnegat Bay ecosystem relies heavily on the health of eelgrass beds. The closure of Oyster Creek is expected to change fish and shellfish species distribution by reducing entrapment and impingement and eliminating thermal impacts. This threatens not only the well being of the environment, but also the security of people as well, who, whether we commonly recognize it or not, are a part of the ecosystem. ges we have made are far-reaching. Tidal salt marshes also provide flood protection, water quality improvements and biogeochemical cycling, all of which benefit the surrounding communities. The area is also notable for its populations of rare pygmy Pitch Pines and other plant species that depend on frequent fires to reproduce. Our success in protecting native caterpillar species will be limited if we do not control light pollution. (1984) recorded 116 species of benthic algae in Barnegat Bay, with the dominant forms being Ulva lactuca, Gracilaria tikvahiae, Codium fragile, Zostera marina, Ceramium fastigiatum, and Agardhiella subulata. 480 species of caterpillars pupate in the soil or spin a cocoon in the leaf litter. On May 28, Save Barnegat Bay hosted Dr. Doug Tallamy, author and professor of entomology at the University of Delaware, to speak about the importance of native plants and how anyone could use their land and their time to help nature thrive. These areas are the transition zones in estuaries, providing nursery, forage, and nesting habitat for fish and other wildlife, and display greater complexity and primary production than other nearby habitats. Dr. Tallamy has identified four keys to success in creating spaces where these important insects can thrive: Our perfectly groomed and manicured lawns are a monoculture that sustains little life and limits ecological diversity. Learn more >, Benthic macroalgae and vascular plants (seagrasses) comprise the submerged aquatic vegetation (SAV) community of the Barnegat Bay-Little Egg Harbor estuarine system. The remaining 95% has been altered by all sorts of activities: the land has been logged, tilled, grazed, and paved; river paths have been altered by damming; our skies have been polluted and our climate has been irreversibly changed; and throughout the U.S., non-native species have been introduced that threaten to out compete native species and disrupt the specialized relationships on which the natural world is built. It turns out that the submerged aquatic vegetation, or SAV, in Barnegat Bay is more complicated than it may initially seem. The Sedge Island Wildlife Management Area in Barnegat Bay is located within NJ's first Marine Conservation Zone, just off Island Beach State Park.The shallow water surrounding the group of islands serves as a nursery for many species of marine animals including blue claw crabs, hard clams and fish. At least 116 species of benthic algae, including both macroalgae and epiphytic algae, have been identified from Barnegat Bay. Undeveloped stretches of the barrier island complex consist of extensive primary and secondary dune habitat along the ocean side and salt marsh and tidal flats on the backside of the barrier. We all have the power to help nature thrive. Acorn weevils have evolved to have a specialized relationship with trees in the red oak group, such as the Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra, bottom) and the Pin Oak (Quercus Palustris, top). By working as an intern for Save Barnegat Bay this summer, Brianna hopes to strengthen her science communication skills and to help others create a deeper understanding for and appreciation of the bay environment. Out of all our native plants, only 5% make 75% of the caterpillar food that drives food webs. Dr. Tallamy’s newest book, Nature’s Best Hope, was the Save Barnegat Bay Book Club pick for the month of May. Rain or shine come out and support this wonderful event. At university, Brianna works in a paleoclimate lab, which  has deepened her passion for conservation and sustainability, and she now hopes to pursue a career in studying climate and improving science communication with the public. The Barnegat Bay estuary is a habitat that supports many species of plants and animals. This brings about yet another question: how can private property owners landscape for caterpillars and other important native insect species? 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