If for no other reason you should add this to your diet seasonally. The flowers become small (pea-sized) pinkish-reddish berries that have distinctive silvery spots. Autumn olive only took two or three years before it began flowering and producing berries. After the introduction of the idea of ‘Invasion Biology’(which quite honestly seems to be an invasive idea swiffering through the minds of the public) people’s attitudes toward ‘non-native’ species started to change. Autumn olive bushes are in bloom all over the county. The vast majority of what we see is the offspring of a variety called ‘Cardinal’ that was known for its prolific red berries. As the air in Japan is very clean and the smell stands out more, this name suits the flower well. In spring, Autumn olive flowers burst into bloom, covering the bushes with thousands of creamy white flowers that have a very distinctive, almost cloyingly sweet and strong fragrance. Commonly growing from 3-20 feet, it has alternate leaves from 2-3 inches long and 1 inch wide with a silvery spots over the entirety of the leaves. Autumn Olive is an invasive species (if you didn’t know that already) that was introduced to the USA in 1830. Right now all the Autumn Olive trees are in bloom and their perfume is waffing through out the preserve. This deciduous plant can be consider a small tree or … Which is pretty darn cool! This makes both species conspicuous from a distance. Description. The bottoms are silvery gray. You can not do this with almost any other berry. Every time you click through one of these links and continue on to do your normal purchasing on Amazon, I get a percent of what you bought and the best part is that it costs you nothing! Plant a food forest around the bushes and watch as it slowly withers in conditions it cannot handle. What is the Autumn olive tree? If there is anything that I have noticed in observation of this plant over the past decade, it is that Autumn Olive will not tolerate shade conditions. If finally you still don’t enjoy the flavor then I recommend making jam. The ripe berries of the autumn olive tree are crimson in color and have a sweet yet pleasantly tart flavor, making them ideal for use in both savory dishes and dessert recipes. That’s how Autumn olive flowers smell. Men be sure to take note: lycopene is incredibly good for keeping your prostate healthy. As an avid promoter of the Eat the Invader movement, I cannot possibly pass up the opportunity for such an incredibly nutritious and abundant food source. I let them grow in areas where i want them and cut them down elsewhere. Its primary introduction purpose was for ornamental reasons. That’s how Autumn olive flowers smell. This can be done by hand or by goat. Foliage – deciduous You may be able to catch a whiff of the sweet kinmokusei throughout October, as it usually blooms best in September until mid-October. Autumn olive trees are draught and erosion-resistant and they thrive in many different types of environments. Other disturbed locations, such as sand dunes, vacant lots, fields, railroads, pastures, and even abandoned mines are also favorite growing sites for autumn olive trees. by Clay Bowers. Google is giving me nothing. Height – 6 to 13 feet (2 to 4 meters) Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – ordinary. There are two methods that I use for harvest regularly without fail. They bloom in the spring and the small white tubular flowers smell like warm spices from far away places. Excitement built as the fragrance intensified only to be disappointed. Fruits/Seeds: Autumn olive’s abundant fruits are silvery with brown scales when young and ripen to a speckled red in Septem-ber and October. They bloom from May to June and are pollinated by insects. This not only speaks to the wastefulness of our culture but also to the lack of awareness we have as modern humans. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a flowering tree that is native to eastern Asia. Elaeagnus umbellata berries: And then they bore fruit and I figured out what they were: Elaeagnus umbellata. It bears an abundance of small yellow tubular flowers that occur in clusters of 5-10. There are certainly places in which this plant is very numerous, but never, I daresay, to the complete and utter absence of any and all species in its presence. The issue, at least with most, is that this plant is a more prolific grower than other plants. Picking berries one by one is an absolute waste of time and I’m sure you use more calories than you gain if you try this method. Done over and over again you can gather a few gallons an hour of very clean, and ready to eat berries. Our ancestors would never have let such an abundant and healthful food source go to waste. Each flower has four petals and four stamens. 63% Upvoted. An olive autumn jam recipe is included as a great option. Autumn olive is a deciduous shrub that grows up to 4 m tall. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, and parts of Pakistan.As of 2020, it is widely established in North America as an introduced species. There are entire fields swallowed by this plant. A fact that can lead to its undoing which I will discuss later in the blog. Perfectly tart enough to not be another boring super sweet addition to the palate. Autumn Olive is an amazing honey bee tree, covered in flowers and all kinds of pollinators in April before most other trees are blooming here in the Virginia piedmont (zone 7a). Are autumn olive flowers edible? These shrubs originated in east Asia from the Himalayas to Japan. I have a confession: I love Autumn Olives. Autumn olives are one of the first trees to leaf out here on our land, and one of the earliest plants to flower. The plant commonly has thorns, but I notice this to be a feature of younger plants rather than the older plants. If you cut these bushes down, they dump nitrogen into the soil and the trees around it will suck up much of that nitrogen, and they will grow quicker because of this fact. The bulk of these berries will start to ripen in early September and will hang on the bushes getting sweeter and sweeter until they are either eaten by birds or fall off with the wind. They are cream or pale yellow, tubular with four petals and stamens, and are arranged in clusters of 1 to 8. It also has nitrogen-fixing roots that can change the nutrient cycle in the soil making it difficult for native species that depend on poor soils to grow. Especially since most people, at least near me, live within walking distance of a heavily fruiting Autumn Olive bush. It commonly bears sharp thorns in the form of spur branches. The most prominent characteristic of both species is the silvery scaling (Figure 1) that covers the young stems, leaves, flowers, and fruits. A single autumn olive plant can produce an abundant annual crop of edible fruits (to 80 pounds) containing up to 200,000 seeds. You may scoff at this, but this method surely works. Also a powerful antioxidant offering many health benefits, here is a quote from Dr. Andrew Weil. Another benefit, although some would disagree, is that this plant pumps nitrogen into the soil, which can lead to a doubling of the growth of plants growing in its proximity. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an ornamental shrub first introduced to North America in the mid-1800s. Merci. , is also called Japanese silverberry, spreading oleaster, autumn elaeagnus, or autumnberry. To a much smaller extent, reports of wild autumn olive have been made in central States, as well as in Oregon and Washington State. The second method, and the one that I am the biggest fan of, is to utilize Autumn olives hatred of shade against it. Gone! You’re most likely to smell them from April through June, when they’re in full bloom. This thread is archived. As the Latin name suggests, it’s a powerful smell, a bit too much for my liking, but most folks … Both are now considered invasive species. This once beloved species that helped stop erosion and fed the birds slowly turned into a full blown monster that was one of the top domestic threats in our country. Currently, my Autumn Olive is small an in a pot but hopefully in a few years I'll be able to The single most controversial thought I have about invasive species is that invasive species are only harmful insomuch as we believe they are. Its name comes from its native region – Southern Russia – and the resemblance to the olive tree around the Mediterranean.. Russian olive facts. The flowers are arranged in clusters of 1 to 10 in the leaf axils. Autumn Olive may be hated, and maybe some of that hatred is warranted, but the reality is that this plant is here now, and probably here to stay. They smell absolutely wonderful. Archived. They bloom in the spring and the small white tubular flowers smell like warm spices from far away places. 9 comments. First of all, and I know that this is repeated ad nauseam, but Autumn olives contain a crapload of Lycopene. The kinmokusei tree is usually planted in the backyard and alongside the garden. Love. October 4, 2018 If what I desire is to have a berries to eat out of hand, or to add to yogurt, wild rice, etc. With these autumn olive facts in mind, let’s learn how to forage for these jewel-like rubies of the forest! Whichever way tickles your fancy. It is often possible to harvest these berries into December. This. From th… Birds and animals consume the fruits and help distribute the seed. Harvesting these berries is as easy as possible. Darn Painter couldn’t keep from missing the shrubs! If you do go this route, I recommend using a sugar that still retains some of its nutrients like maple sugar or turbinado. It is perfectly balanced in it tart/sweet ratio. And not without some merit. Before our common era of making assumptions on a plants “native” boundaries, people planted things because of their usefulness to ourselves, and our animal neighbors. The one place you probably won’t find autumn olives? People’s farms started having too many of these bushes and when they cut them down to rid their farm of this pest plant, it just resprouted from the roots. If the tart flavor is a little much for you, this berry can be turned into a delicious fruit leather and you can add a touch of honey to sweeten it up. Elaeagnus umbellata grows as a deciduous shrub or small tree, typically up to 3.5 metres (11 ft) tall, with a dense crown. Autumn olive flowers are quite fragrant. Thank you all for checking out my latest blog. Autumn olive can grow in nutritionally poor soil and can tolerate drought and maritime exposure. In the spring, usually May or early June, they flower prolifically with creamy white to pale yellow clusters of small, trumpet-like flowers. I don't like the fruit because of how astringent it is. It also takes a fair amount of work to pick, being small and not ripening all at once. Autumn Olive Flowers The blooms from the autumn olive tree have a strong floral scent — the aroma is often compared to lilies. They bloom from April to June and are pollinated by insects. Flowers: Autumn olive has fragrant cream or light yellow flowers. That being said I now have a Patreon account and I am happy have any and all of the support that can be offered up my way so that I can continue to spread the good news about plants. Now the flowers are “cloying” and its growth habit “unruly”. Autumn Olives are unbelievably nutritious. Learn how to identify autumn olive to enjoy this invasive yet tasty and handy shrub. I’ve found these shrubs growing on our land, along forest edges, and in ditches. Like too damned wonderful. Your email address will not be published. Instead of continually fighting a useless war against it, let’s embrace the benefits that this plant has to offer. The high amount of vitamins A, C, and E should also grab your attention. So, this plant goes on my list of foods grown on my property that my rabbits can eat. What is so great about Lycopene? Despite tolerating a moderate amount of shade, it’s unlikely you’ll be able to find these berries growing in a densely wooded forest. Autumn Olives are no different. So if this plant is edible and it helps the plants around it grow, what exactly is the issue here? Are autumn olive flowers edible? The abundance of fruit, which is readily dispersed by birds, is key to the success of this species. Before it was labeled a noxious weed, autumn olive was often described as “fragrant” in flower, and as “stunning” in fall, with its bright red berries against its silvery foliage. If you want to find some in the wild you won’t have to look very hard – they are anywhere disturbed soil is. We are often told to eat berries for our health, and I agree wholeheartedly, but I disagree that we should only be getting these berries from the grocery store. Russian olive branches are usually thorny, and its fruit is yellow, dry and mealy. The autumn olive. I do not know a single soul that does not like Autumn Olive jam. The second method of harvest that my family utilizes is the easiest method to gather giant amounts of Autumn Olives, but the result is often strewn with leaves and twigs and any number of dried up berries. How much is a crapload you ask? Posted by 1 year ago. The length of time at which you can harvest these berries allows you to get to them when its convenient. There is less pressure to have the leaves and twigs removed because that stuff will all be strained out anyway. Imagine going to heaven and finding that heaven is in fact just unbearably nice. Inside each of the thousands of fruits is one seed. This method requires you to reach back on a loaded branch and with a cupped hand you do the tapping-my-fingers-because-I’m-bored movement, but upside down. The tubular flowers are light yellow or cream-colored with bright yellow stamens; each flower has four petals. Not only are these berries healthful, but they are also extremely flavorful. 5-15 times the Lycopene of an equal amount of tomatoes. I thought they were enchanting, so we left them. The top of the leaves are a greenish gray or a grayish green. But despite this plants tendency to like growing everywhere, I find a spot in my heart to absolutely love it. share. I was walking today and came upon a sweet smell. Flowers are fragrant and occur in clusters of white to yellow, 8–9 mm in length and 7 mm in diameter, and have four lobes. A plant continually deprived of energy stores cannot possibly hope to survive. It was introduced in the 1930s and promoted in the 1950s as a great food for wildlife. 2. Right now after the storm it is really noticable. The fragrance was a familiar spring scent that I only remembered when I saw the plant. Recently I heard the … If donation is not your thing, and I understand completely, then think about clicking through any of my Amazon Portals on this website. You could pick a small handful each day for a couple of weeks. Their growing range is from Maine, south to Tennessee and west to Montana. The flowers are fragrant and have four white or light yellow sepals. Autumn Olive has nitrogen-fixing root nodules that permit it to thrive in poor soils. Its range is from the Himalayas to Japan. If you like many other folks, detest this bush, then there are two methods I recommend for ridding your place of this pest. And let’s fight it in ways that make sense. Goats absolutely love eating Autumn olive. Close. I thought they were enchanting, so we left them. Other common names include: Autumnberry, Twinklyberry, and I call them Oversprayberry for the way they look as if a painter just slightly missed the entire plant with his paint sprayer. It frustrates me to no end that there are people buying blueberries from South America while there are are bushes loaded with Autumn Olives right outside his or her door. We use this method when making jam or juice. Autumn Olive is easily confused with a closely related species, Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia). By the 1940s it was being sold and planted as erosion control, wind breaks and as a source of food and habitat for wildlife. From the 1940’s into the 1970’s an absolute bonanza of these plants were sold or given out by soil conservation districts throughout the country. is a major invasive species in North America. So look in vacant lots, dirt roadsides, property edges, trail sides and parks. Old fields so choked with Autumn Olives that making your way through might resemble a scene in a movie where a man whacks his way through thick jungle with a machete. Russian olive is a beautiful shrub. stunning flowers to decorate with during autumn Pamela’s favourites include (prepare for floral overload): The David Austin roses smell absolutely divine and are a classicly beautiful bloom and bridal favourite. spreads quickly because of its hardiness and dense concentration of seeds — a single shrub can yield around 200,000 seeds, potentially producing up to 80 pounds of fruit! They are tubular with four petals and stamens, and are arranged in clusters of 1 to 8. I have been really working hard on studying to bring you all of this content, and new content to come. Autumn olive has fragrant cream or light-yellow tubular flowers, each typically 4 to 10 mm long and 7 mm in diameter. Obviously many of you have read the title of my blog and therefore are aware, at least peripherally, of the edibility of these berries. Autumn Olives aren’t actually an olive, or a berry at all – they are a stone fruit, like cherries and peaches. Try waiting to harvest Black Raspberries! It was a different smell, a spring smell. They can be juiced, or added to smoothies, and much of the tartness will be hidden that way. This gives us the ideal conditions for reforesting areas it has taken over. Support me here. So nutritious in fact that it makes one wonder how this fruit is not in every store already. If performed with enough vigor this should result in a handful of berries and only a few leaf fragments that can quickly be removed. Autumn olive is an aggressive invasive shrub that can be found throughout the eastern United States and Canada. This tells me that ruminants find it a good food source and rabbits enjoy the bark. This method I have given no name, you just put a tarp under the branches and shake like hell. save hide report. Autumn olive can grow into dense thickets and out-compete native vegetation. This shrub’s silvery foliage, showy flowers, and colorful berries made it popular in landscaping, though it was also planted extensively for a period of time in natural areas to provide erosion control, wind breaks, and wildlife food. UPDATE: Apparently sometimes these have nasty thorns. Its primary introduction purpose was for ornamental reasons. then I predominately use what we lovingly refer to as “The Fondle Method”. Autumn Olive, Elaeagnus umbellata, is eaten by deer and cottontail rabbits eat the bark (per West Virgina Univ). It was autumn olive and its fragrance was so strong it was almost sickly sweet. Name – Elaeagnus angustifolia Family – Elaeagnaceae Type – shrub. The fragrance, or odor, is coming from a plant growing along the east edge of the parking lot, a sprawling shrub known as thorny olive (Elaeagnus pungens). autumn olive and its cousin, russian olive are rather invasive here in Pa. it wants to grow everywhere in open spaces. Autumn olive is a nitrogen-fixing deciduous shrub or small tree growing up to 4.5m (14ft) at a medium growth rate. Number one: Cut the plant down over and over again until the plant can no longer photosynthesize. This fact of Autumn Olive, is what gives me a lax attitude about when I go out to harvest. With a capital L. Just this one simple statement is enough to draw the ire of folks from all walks of life. Its white to light yellow flowers hung against its silvery green foliage - yes you guess it - autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata). They bloom from April to June and are insect pollinated. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States.Introduced in 1830 as an ornamental plant that could provide habitat and food to wildlife, Autumn olive was widely planted by the Soil Conservation Service as erosion control near roads and on ridges. Organic Treatment for Common Tomato Pests and Diseases  ». Depending on what the eventual product will be I change up my harvest method. Invite this invader into your kitchen this fall, you will not be disappointed! From atheists to the religious, democrat to republican, most unite under the banner of hatred for this shrub. They have a powerful, lily-like fragrance. Foodie Pro & The Genesis Framework. Lycopene is a carotenoid that is responsible for giving many fruits and vegetables their red colors. It was introduced to North America in 1830 as an ornamental plant. Their silvery green leaves are beautiful, and their tiny yellow flowers are heavy with a sweet scent that makes me feel drunk with Spring. Autumn Olives can be prepared in a number of ways, the easiest of which is to just grab them off the bush and eat handful after handful right then and there. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an invasive shrub in central and eastern United States. Really smells wonderful out. Using this method of harvest one can gather gallons of berries in minutes, depending on the bush and how loaded it is. In Northern Michigan. Autumn olive in Botanese is called Elaeagnus umbellata. One of the best things about Autumn Olive, is that time of harvest. It’s amazing how this plant, once used as a stabilizer in windrows or edges of farm fields, has become almost the kudzu of this part of Michigan. If you live in an autumn olive-abundant area you might be pleasantly surprised by how easy they are to find! It's like walking in a perfume factory. This method does not require you to poison the Earth either. Autumn olives are highly nutritious and are an excellent source of the antioxidant lycopene as well as vitamins A, C, and E.  Their high lycopene content (like tomatoes) inspired quite a few. 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