The importance of mangroves is beautifully illustrated by Vietnamese artist Ta Luu. Mangrove forest restoration and rehabilitation programs are increasingly undertaken to re-establish ecosystem services in the context of community-based biodiversity conservation. Mangrove is a unique ecosystem in coastal areas that plays an important role in protecting environment and can improve human welfare. DONOR This project was funded by USAID. Community-based Mangrove Rehabilitation Training Manual FIG. Dr.Leni D. Camacho, University of the Philippines Los Baños, Philippines, ... 19 Importance-influence matrix in the implementation of the mangrove Mangroves are an important feeding area for the endemic Galapagos penguin in Puerto Villamil, Isabela. He said that the real challenge is getting the social science right and encouraging community stakeholders to do what is best for the environment. B. Mangrove Functions and Valuation TABLE 3. When it comes to mangrove restoration in areas where there are fishponds, Dr. Wodehouse emphasized the importance of social arrangements in coastal ecosystems conservation as a whole. MANGROVE REHABILITATION GUIDELINES A382466 Page 5 of 20 1.1 PURPOSE OF GUIDELINES These guidelines have been generated to provide more certainty around mangrove rehabilitation and to suggest current best practice methods to maximise the chances of success. Mangrove rehabilitation is carried out to restore the declining mangrove ecosystem and active community involvements are needed to ensure the success of rehabilitation. Although a sine qua non of successful mangrove rehabilitation or restoration projects is accurate attention to local hydrology and basic biology of mangrove trees and their associated fauna, their long-term success depends on far more axes, each with their own challenges. 3. DURATION 1 October 2012 – 30 September 2015. These penguins are critically endangered, rely highly on the mangrove and are highly susceptible to alterations to the marine ecosystem. Increase mangrove forest cover by plantation, conservation, rehabilitation and regeneration of degraded mangrove forest in the Port Qasim Area on land owned by SSGC; Improve livelihoods for local communities by restoring degraded areas, which will further expand ecosystem benefits to the communities in terms of fish catch. Rehabilitated and restored mangrove ecosystems have important ecological, economic, and social values for coastal communities. But actual planting of mangroves is rarely needed as mangroves annually produce hundreds or thousands Sustainable Mangrove Rehabilitation for Global and Local Benefits The following collaborators worked on this project: 1. Primavera and Esteban (2008) reviewed eight mangrove rehabilitation projects in the Philippines and found out that despite heavy funding in the hundreds of millions of dollars to rehabilitate thousands of hectares of mangroves over the last two decades, the long-term survival rates of mangroves are generally low at 10–20 %. Support community rehabilitation and sustainable management of mangrove forests; Explore sustainable finance models and mechanisms that support long-term community based mangrove forest management, including; adaptation funding and REDD+/mangrove carbon finance. In fact, given the importance of mangrove forest ecosystems, and the current threat to these coastal forests, this is an imperative. Restoration is returning a habitat to the most natural condition, whereas rehabilitation often focuses on optimising ecosystem services alongside biodiversity. 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