In reaction to the centralism of the Nazi state, the new constitution of West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany) exercised "separation of powers" and placed "law enforcement firmly in the hands" of the sixteen Länder or states of the republic, not with the federal German government, at least not at first. It uses political parties and mass organizations to mobilize people around the goals of the regime. [104], Since 2005, observers noted what some have called a "democratic recession",[100][105] although some such as Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way have disputed that there was a significant democratic decline before 2013. 2014-02-10 16:47:53 2014-02-10 16:47:53. [...] Few authoritarian regimes—be they communist, fascist, corporatist, or personalist—have managed to conduct orderly, peaceful, timely, and stable successions". [94] Anti-authoritarianism also became associated with countercultural and bohemian movements such as the Beat Generation in the 1950s,[95] the hippies in the 1960s[96] and punks in the 1970s. [9][26] Elections may also motivate authoritarian party members to strengthen patron–client and information-gathering networks, which strengthens the authoritarian regime. In government []. They will often use the fear of disorder to justify their rule, as in Egypt, which was under a continuous state of emergency that started in 1981 and ended in 2011 when Hosni Mubarak was finally deposed from power. The authoritarian regime may use co-optation or repression (or carrots and sticks) to prevent revolts. For example, Nassar of Egypt was a military commander before becoming president. Autocratic leadership, also known as authoritarian leadership, is a leadership style characterized by individual control over all decisions and little input from group members. [46] Linz identified the two most basic subtypes as traditional authoritarian regimes and bureaucratic-military authoritarian regimes: Subtypes of authoritarian regime identified by Linz are corporatist or organic-statistic, racial and ethnic "democracy" and post-totalitarian. 81. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMcGoldrick2000 (, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro, Royal families of the United Arab Emirates, Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, Modernism and Totalitarianism: Rethinking the Intellectual Sources of Nazism and Stalinism, 1945 to the Present, Fragile Democracies: The Legacies of Authoritarian Rule, "Voting for Autocracy: Hegemonic Party Survival and its Demise in Mexico", "Legislatures and Legislative Politics Without Democracy", "Coercive Distribution by Michael Albertus", "The Limits of Authoritarian Modernisation: Zero Tolerance Policing in Kazakhstan", "Military purges and the recurrence of civil conflict", "Soldiers or politicians? (1964). Show More. All the Axis powers (Nazi Germany, Fascist Italy and Imperial Japan) had totalitarian or authoritarian governments, and two of the three were replaced by governments based on democratic constitutions. [10], Authoritarianism is characterized by highly concentrated and centralized government power maintained by political repression and the exclusion of potential challengers. S "If the Communist Party represents the will of the people, and the will of the people is represented by the Party, no other political parties are necessary. [11] Adam Przeworski has theorized that "authoritarian equilibrium rests mainly on lies, fear and economic prosperity". Adam Przeworski has theorized that "authoritarian equilibrium rests mainly on lies, fear and economic prosperity". Answer: An authoritarian government is the form of government based on the principle of requiring obedience to the authority of one person or a small group of people. STUDY. [73], Authoritarianism is considered a core concept of fascism[74][75][76][77] and scholars agree that a fascist regime is foremost an authoritarian form of government, although not all authoritarian regimes are fascist.