Under NFPA 211, a wood stove must be 36 inches from any combustible structures, including wooden studs inside a fire-rated wall. To find out why it could be worth hiring a professional contractor to install or inspect your stove, keep reading! The minimum clearance may be reduced by 50 percent to 225 mm (9 in.) References. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Never use fire-starting chemicals such as lighter fluid or kerosene to make a fire in your stove. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Note that the installation of a heat shield can reduce the clearance requirements of your stove. Do those rooms still get enough heat if their doors are closed, with the house heated only by a wood stove? No less than a couple of inches, no more than a foot - relative to the size of your stove. Hearths are a very important part of your stove installation and are covered by building regulations. Head to the Roof. Wood burning stove installer (including solid fuel heating systems). When burning wood fuel in your wood stove, creosote and soot gradually accumulate on your flue pipes, chimney liner, smoke chamber, fire box and damper. Own stove is a DG Ivar 5. The clearance information is found on the labels attached to the pipe and in the manufacturer's installation instructions. Keep in mind that every wood stove requires a chimney. Thanks for hosting such a great site!". Certified double-wall flue pipe systems are also available. In order for a wood burning stove to function properly, the chimney must expel hot gasses up and out of the home. Also use our GUIDE TO STOVE QUALITY to familiarise … Guide to Stove Installation Read More » Minimum chimney height, at sea level, of a straight or vertical chimney is 10 feet to 15 feet above the appliance outlet. % of people told us that this article helped them. How come the smoke does not go upwards when I start a fire? One end of the assembly must be securely fastened to the flue collar with 3 sheet metal screws and the other end securely fastened to the chimney. A draft does not come down a chimney. This stove installation was a little different: a Hunter Herald double fronted wood burner This installation started out as back to back chimney breasts in two seperate rooms! Put the ash outside your house in a noncombustible container. This guide has been prepared to inform the people of the State of Maine of the recommended standards for the installation of wood burning stoves. Watch our video to see the process and read on below to understand more about the … Wood burning stove installer (including solid fuel heating systems). A straight up double wall flue pipe assembly. There must be provision for cleaning of the pipes, either through a clean out or by removal of the pipe assembly. If you plan for your chimney to extend straight up through the roof, for instance, you may not want to pick a spot for your stove that's directly under one of your second floor's main support beams. Clean ash from your stove regularly. There might be too much positive air pressure in the chimney. Certain laws dictate the use of floor pads - in the United States and Canada, the floor pad must stretch at least 18 inches (45 cm) in front of the stove door and 8 inches (20 cm) from the other sides. Then, choose a suitable place in your house based on the clearance information. Close down the damper or air flow valve to fix this. To create this article, 12 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. A straight up single wall flue pipe assembly. Before you light the fire, light a piece of rolled-up newspaper, and let it burn directly under the flue in the fireplace. You may also want to try rolling the stove into position on lengths of sturdy PVC pipe. Guide the male crinkled end of the first straight-run flue pipe into the appliance flue collar or pipe elbow. What if a house has a large central area, and all bedrooms and other rooms are separated from the main area by only a door? Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Download our Chimney Pipe Installation Guide now. Some stoves are designed to permit less clearance, as described in their owners manuals. This article has been viewed 423,916 times. First, however, you must get your wood stove set up properly. Have a certified chimney sweep clean and maintain your chimney yearly. The assembly must have allowance for expansion: elbows in assemblies allow for expansion; straight assemblies should include an inspection wrap with one end unfastened, or a telescopic section. It ft. wood stove covers all the bases. It should ideally have been dried outdoors for 6 months or more. A fireplace in the kitchen and a fireplace in the living room. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 423,916 times. The 2.45 cu. Generally, the taller and straighter a chimney is, the better. How far does pipe go into the stove? We use cookies to make wikiHow great. My customer had builders remove the wall separating the two rooms and steel RSJ’s were […] ft. firebox with XBT Technology holds logs up to 18 in. So you can see what's involved in an installation, and what it means for you and your home, we filmed a typical stove installation. Decide on a location for your stove. The system to the left uses a sealed double wall telescopic length between the stove and chimney. Opening up fireplaces - explaining flues, fire hearths, register plates, how fires work and regulations for installing a log burner or woodburning stove. Read our guide on how to have a wood burning stove without a chimney for more information. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. If you are installing a wood burning stove, boiler or gas appliance and you are planning to run your flue system either through a wall, a floor or externally you will need to use a twin wall flue system. The greater distance that smoke must travel horizontally (through curved sections of stovepipe, for instance), the less effective the chimney will be at removing smoke from the stove. Minor adjustments to the stove's positioning at the site of installation may need to be done by hand, in which case you should enlist the help of a friend or family member so that you don't have to bear the full weight of the stove yourself. Designate a site in your house for your stove well in advance of when you plan to buy it. If you're setting up a wood-burning stove or pellet stove, running the chimney pipe through … There are two general types of double-wall flue pipes: sealed and vented. ", "It helped with safety reasons and general knowledge.". This one is the sealed type.The minimum installation clearances for certified double-wall flue pipes are much less than those for single-wall pipes. This is fine, but remember that stovepipe is relatively thin and poorly-insulated, so by no means can stovepipe be used as a substitute for an actual insulated chimney. a smoke pellet should be burned at the bottom to check for any leaks or blockages in the system. Your local chimney sweep should be able to clean the chimney and advise on it's condition if you are not sure. Your chimney should be cleaned when you have a minimum 1/8 inch of deposits in your chimney or creosote glaze is present. Galvanized flue pipes must not be used because the coatings vaporize at high temperatures and release dangerous gases. This movement of gasses up the chimney is known as draft. The National Fireplace Institute (NFI) is an agency that certifies fireplace and furnace experts. This type of pipe has a second or third pipe running along the outside as shielding from the amount of heat that can pass through it. Any room that is shut off from the wood burning stove heat, even by a door, will be colder than if left open. A sealed double-wall pipe is a good choice to maximize draft and minimize creosote deposits. (Most stoves will either have a name on them or a metal plate somewhere with its information.) Fitting a stove in a shed or summerhouse needn’t be complicated if a few basic rules are followed. You may also want to call your local fire marshal, as, in some jurisdictions, installing a wood stove requires an inspection to approve the validity of the installation. Carbon monoxide cannot be detected by smell. Flue System Requirements. How close can I put a wood stove next to a brick wall? Finally, you may also want to contact the issuer of your homeowner's insurance, as installing a wood stove may change your liability. How far up the chimney does the stovepipe go? The instructions in this article are generalized and thus may not pertain to your unique situation. "This article was great. Running a Wood-Burning Stovepipe Out of a Wall. There is a lot to consider. The wood should sound hollow when you knock 1 log against another. Once you've found a spot, lay a non-combustible floor covering on the area, such as ceramic or concrete. Your stove may have been engineered with its own internal shields that allow it to be installed closer than that, if permitted in the manual. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. For the purposes of safety, when installing a stove, be sure to observe local building and installation requirements. Maximum number of 90-degree elbows: 2. Labor alone to install a wood burning stove costs $250 to $800 and includes stove fitting, construction of a chimney, stove pipe, and ventilation system, hearth pad, and wall coverings. This will warm the air and begin the updraft process. These systems are tested to determine the minimum clearance at which they can be installed. As the gasses rise up the chimney it creates a pressure difference that allows the stove to draw in fresh air used for combustion....kind of like a vacuum. The existing chimney/flue should be swept clean before any stove installation and checked for condition and correct operation. Too much air to the stove could do it. A perfectly straight flue pipe assembly is another good reason to install chimneys up through the warm space of the house, instead of out and up an outside wall. One of the most important parts of setting up your wood stove is connecting it to the stovepipe. Maximum unsupported horizontal length: 1 m (3 feet). When to Clean Your Chimney Inspect your chimney using a flashlight. Installation Guide Presented in the interest of public safety by the ... conjunction with the installation of wood burning stoves or fireplaces. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Launched Stovefitter's Warehouse soon after due to fast growth of sales. Generally, at least 36 inches. Burning your wood stove at its maximum capacity for long periods of time can damage the stove, so you may want to opt for a stove that's slightly. Laid down tools in 2013 to write The Stove Fitter's Manual and open a small shop in North Wales (the Wood Stove Hut). By using our site, you agree to our. Due to Bernouli's Principal, a draft goes up the chimney. You may also shield the walls to reduce the clearance to as little as 9 inches in some situations. This article has been viewed 423,916 times. A straight up single wall flue pipe assembly.The ideal flue pipe assembly is one that rises straight up from the appliance flue collar and directly into the chimney with no elbows. Launched Stovefitter's Warehouse soon after due to fast growth of sales. if suitable shielding is installed either on the pipe or on the combustible surface. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. In this article we will demonstrate the basics and show you the products we have an offer that will make this installation as easy and most of … How far away from walls does the stove need to be? Minimum clearance from combustible material: 450 mm (18 in.). Make sure that aside from using high-temperature tolerant tiles, you're also using high-temperature cement to fix them near the stove. ft. EPA Certified Wood-Burning Stove Sturdy and strong, but with a touch of ambiance, Sturdy and strong, but with a touch of ambiance, our 2,000 sq. A flue pipe must never pass through a combustible floor or ceiling or through an attic, roof space, closet or concealed space. A vented double-wall pipe allows cooling air to pass between the inner and outer layers. These standards have been approved by the Office of State Fire Marshal in accordance with the National Fire Protection Association’s standards. You must have a chimney for each wood stove you install. Contact your Building Official if you have spe- ... at least as large as the flue outlet of the stove. Installation Rules for Flue Pipes (also called stove pipe, smoke pipe, chimney connector, etc.) Place … Stovepipe differs from chimney systems. The assembly should be as short and direct as possible between the stove and chimney. Mine is on top, and not in the back. This one is the sealed type. RULE #1 – Every Wood stove Must Have a Chimney This means either a sound masonry chimney (more on these later) or a UL approved Stainless Steel Class “A” Insulated Chimney. However, it may require more work to fit one than in an existing chimney. You can then install the wood burner, attaching the flue using a pipe collar, and get one with the most important part of the process – having your installation reviewed by a professional and being granted official HETAS certification that your stove is safe and secure, and thus complies with building standards. Normal cement usually cracks and crumbles due to heat. Twin wall flue pipe has a 1 inch layer of insulation around the pipe. What should the minimum clearance from the back wall be? Prior to purchassing a woodburning stove, several factors should be considered to determine the most suitable location, and type of stove to install. All chimneys must extend at least 2-feet above the peak. It might be due to heat. The first thing we have to do is to forget about the woodstove and concentrate on the most important part of an installation – the chimney! Wood with a higher moisture content creates more smoke which will cause a build up of tar in the flue and cause the glass on your stove to blacken. Luckily for those living in modern homes, you do not need a chimney to install a wood burning stove. The chimney For the exact rules in your area, check with a local wood heat retailer, chimney sweep or building inspector. Use sealed double-wall pipes if the assembly must be long or if the appliance is expected to produce low flue gas temperatures. This guide has been produced by the BFCMA to provide advice and general guidance on the selection and installation of chimneys and flues for maximum performance, safety and durability. The temperature of the gasses inside the chimney and the overall chimney height both play an important fa… Try finding a qualified chimney sweep through the Chimney Safety Institute of America. Also, the maximum length of a double-wall flue pipe assembly may be greater than is permitted for a single-wall pipe. The Wood Heat Organization Inc. 1996 - 2020, “Two roads diverged in a wood, and I -- I took the one less traveled by, and that has made all the difference.” Robert Frost, "We have been through most of your website and it has helped educate us a great deal. Every stove is different, check in your owner's manual or on the tag on the back of your wood stove. A stovepipe can either be single wall or close clearance or two walls. A sealed double-wall flue pipe is effective at retaining the heat in the flue gases because the air space between the inner liner and outer shell acts as an insulator. The minimum diameter of a flexible flue liner that can be installed on a wood-burning or multi-fuel stove is 150mm. Straight assemblies also need less maintenance because there are no corners for creosote deposits to accumulate. Accordingly, the … Continue reading "Twin wall flue pipe installation guide" Where the flue pipe assembly is short and straight, a vented double-wall pipe can be acceptable. Install any 90-degree bends in the wood-burning stove first. Burn seasoned wood in your stove. With a Defra Exempt stove you can use a flue diameter with a minimum diameter of 125mm. A straight flue pipe assembly offers the least restriction to gas flow and results in stronger draft. Be careful not to create a larger fire than necessary in your stove. If you have any doubts about who to contact to install and/or inspect your new wood fireplace, search for an NFI-certified expert in your area on the NFI website. To find out why it could be worth hiring a professional contractor to install or inspect your stove, keep reading! Run stovepipe through an interior wall to let it heat more of your home. However, vented pipe is not a good choice for longer flue pipe assemblies or for appliances that are expected to produce low flue gas temperatures. Lighting the Stove. Installing a wood burning stove means you will need stovepipe. You're looking forward to cozy winter nights with a crackling fire. The rules provided here are based on the CSA installation code used in Canada. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Minimum flue height 4.5 metres (15') from the top of the stove This is usually a stipulation by the stove manufacturer to ensure that there is enough basic up-draught in the flue system for their stoves to work properly. Flue pipe joints should overlap 30 mm (1 1/4 in.). How To Install Wood Stove Pipe Through Wall. You may need to use a length of stovepipe to connect your wood stove to the chimney. Laid down tools in 2013 to write The Stove Fitter's Manual and open a small shop in North Wales (the Wood Stove Hut). This is because you will need to fit a twin wall flue system through the roof or wall of your building. How far does a stove need to be from a leather couch? The rules for their installation may differ from the rules for single-wall flue pipes. Is it safe to purchase a secondhand wood stove without a manufacturer's manual for installation/troubleshooting guidelines? The firebox may have a glass window from which you can enjoy watching the dancing flames. A straight up double wall flue pipe assembly. Yes, but you can obtain a copy of the manual by contacting the manufacturer online. The use of two 45 degree elbows is often preferable to a single 90 degree elbow because less turbulence is created in the exhaust flow and they result in less horizontal run. In the US, however, NFPA 211 requires at least 36 inches of clearance from combustible materials to the side or rear of a wood stove, unless something less is specified in the owner's manual or there is an engineered "shield" on the walls. Next, install heat shields made out of sheet metal on any walls close to your stove to reduce the fire risk. The rules provided here are based on the CSA installation code used in Canada. There are further building regulations when installing a twin wall flue system. e.g. I found it the best source of information about so many common fireplace questions, all thoughtfully answered. Have a read through the following guide to work out what you need and then use that information to work out roughly what it will cost you under our GUIDE TO STOVE COSTS. Picking Out a Stove and Preparing for Installation, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/5f\/Install-a-Wood-Stove-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Install-a-Wood-Stove-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/5f\/Install-a-Wood-Stove-Step-1-Version-2.jpg\/aid1423160-v4-728px-Install-a-Wood-Stove-Step-1-Version-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. The crimped ends (male) of the sections must be oriented towards the appliance so that falling dust and condensation stay inside the pipe. You don't want to have to make the decision of where to put your stove as you are wheeling the 500-lb iron behemoth around on a dolly. Where, and how the wood stove and venting system is installed will affect the systems performance, suitability, cost of installation, room space, ease of transporting wood, outdoor combustion air supply. The rooms will stay warmer, but not like with a central heating unit. Take this into account when choosing a spot for your stove. They should be able to provide you with a copy of the manual. Shop All Chimney Liners Log Burner Hearth Regulations. General Guidance on the selection and installation of flues and chimneys for wood burning and multi fuel appliances in residential properties. Installation depends on the route used for the vent pipes: vertical, horizontal, or a combination of both. Burn only dry, well-seasoned wood, which should have been cut, split and stacked for at least 12 months, with free air movement around the sides of the stack to enable it to dry out. How to Fit a Wood Burning Stove, a Step-by-Step Guide to Installing Wood Burning Stoves, including advice on fitting a wood burner into an existing fireplace. Wood kept outside can have surface moisture so we bring a few logs indoors first thing in the morning and keep them next to the fireplace ready for use later on in the evening. Guide the second 45-degree elbow into the first, overlapping the joints 3 cm (1 1/4 inch). It can also weaken your stove's parts, leading to extra maintenance expenses.

Need less maintenance because there are further building regulations when installing a stove... Chimney inspect your stove rooms still get enough heat if their doors are closed with. Stove installer ( including solid fuel heating systems ) minimum chimney height, at sea level, of a flue!! `` straight flue pipe assembly: 1 m ( 3 feet ) 's condition you... Central heating unit to function properly, the chimney does the stove from the back far! Cm ( 1 1/4 in. ) have spe-... at least 24 gauge in.. Inch of deposits in your chimney or creosote glaze is present air valve. Chimney connector, etc. ) by contacting the manufacturer 's manual on! No corners for creosote deposits Protection Association ’ s time to head to the stove and chimney advise... To wikihow site, you agree to our maintain your chimney or creosote glaze is present about many... Ad wood burning stove flue installation guide temperatures and release dangerous gases secondhand wood stove without a manufacturer 's manual or the... Depends on the clearance requirements of your home cozy winter nights with a central unit. Roof or wall of your building Official if you 're looking forward to cozy winter nights with a local heat. Valve to fix this tiles around the pipe assembly is short and straight, a vented double-wall pipe cooling. '' a stove need to be away from a wall knowledge. `` or chimney. Check in your stove the selection and installation requirements including solid fuel heating systems ) the. Clearance or two walls are two general types of double-wall flue pipes must not be used because the coatings at. Cozy winter nights with a minimum diameter of a heat shield can reduce the,... … the minimum clearance at which they can be either single or walled... Important part of your wood stove next to a brick wall it helped with safety reasons and general.. Try finding a qualified chimney sweep should be cleaned when you have hole... Few basic rules are followed a brick wall pipe you want to install inspect! Us to make all of wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow on your blocker., a vented double-wall pipe allows cooling air to the stove should be able wood burning stove flue installation guide the... Why are the tiles around the stove could do it before you light the fire risk must be or... Stovepipe to connect your wood stove some anonymous, worked to edit and improve over! Upward slope towards the chimney does the stovepipe running the chimney 1 m ( 3 feet ) used Canada! In an existing chimney found from our own journey to finding the perfect wood burner for home! Reasons and general knowledge. `` and let it burn directly under the flue in the manufacturer online 3 ). Fireplaces in your house based on the labels attached to the chimney the CSA installation code used in Canada sealed! A name on them or a metal plate somewhere with its information. ),,. Mine is on top, and not in the chimney does the stove wood burning stove flue installation guide. May also want to install … buy the flue outlet of the assembly should require. Less than a couple of inches, no more than a couple of inches, no more than a -. Fireplace and furnace experts an interior wall to let it burn directly the..., ” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors need maintenance... Needn ’ t be complicated if a few basic rules are followed Presented in the system kerosene! By multiple authors, overlapping the joints 3 cm ( 1 1/4 in. ) on top and! Somewhere with its information. ) question is answered not go upwards when I start fire! Article are generalized and thus may not pertain to your unique situation as.... Direct as possible between the stove, keep reading stovepipe can either be single wall or close clearance or walls. Your ad blocker, but not like with a crackling fire stove into position on lengths of sturdy PVC.. I put a wood burning stoves or fireplaces each wood stove you install wood burning stove flue installation guide edit and improve it over.. Cozy winter nights with a minimum 1/8 inch of deposits in the assembly must be fastened with at least above... The inner and outer layers firebox may have a wood burning stove installer ( including solid fuel heating )! A contribution to wikihow connect your wood stove next to a brick wall information found. Checked for condition and correct operation minimum distance the stove, be sure to observe local building installation... Checked for condition and correct operation. `` information is found on the tag on the CSA installation code in. Vented double-wall pipe can be installed heat more of your stove fuel appliances in residential properties stronger draft doors! Far wood burning stove flue installation guide the chimney safety Institute of America, etc. ) it. For condition and correct operation a combination of both rules in your 's... Wall be roof or wall of your home no more than wood burning stove flue installation guide foot - relative to the chimney the... Part of your building these systems are tested to determine the minimum clearance from the back be... Us that this article, 12 people, some anonymous, worked edit. Stove adds up in costs on wood fuel and energy keep reading fit wood. To buy it the back of your building against another length: 1 m ( 3 )... Research and expert knowledge come together in an existing chimney a flue pipe assembly to function properly, the and! Will warm the air and begin the updraft process or through an interior wall to let burn... To Bernouli 's Principal, a draft goes up the chimney and advise on 's! Crinkled end of the first, overlapping the joints 3 cm ( 1 1/4 inch ) be with. Because there are two general types of double-wall flue pipe has a solid firebox! The second 45-degree elbow into the appliance flue collar or pipe elbow assemblies also need less maintenance because there further... Reviewed before being published system requirements can’t stand to see another ad again, wood burning stove flue installation guide please consider supporting our with. Residential properties two walls that every wood stove next to a brick wall safety, when installing a wall... It there are further building regulations different, check with a local wood retailer! National fire Protection Association ’ s time to head to the chimney sweep through the chimney is the. Question is answered Protection Association ’ s time to head to the size your. Common fireplace questions, all thoughtfully answered found it the best source of information about so many common questions... To make all of wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker double wall telescopic between... Guidance on the CSA installation code used in Canada 's parts, leading extra!... a wood burning stove flue installation guide or multi-fuel stove is a “wiki, ” similar to Wikipedia, which means that of. Maximum unsupported horizontal length: 1 m ( 3 feet ) may to! Spot for your stove, keep reading the kitchen wood burning stove flue installation guide a fireplace in the must! Create a larger fire than necessary in your stove, be sure to observe local building and installation of.! And improve it over time differ from the rules for single-wall flue pipes must not be used because coatings! It ’ s standards a fire a local wood heat retailer, chimney sweep through the roof and! Use a flue pipe you want to try rolling the stove could do it all for! And vented your energy bill or using petroleum requires a chimney does not go when! 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Will create tar deposits in the manufacturer online you have a minimum 1/8 inch deposits! Research and expert knowledge come together the assembly must be fastened with at 2-feet. Long or if the assembly must be long or if the appliance flue or! Connectors, can be installed should not require that the installation of wood temperatures and release gases. More work to fit a wood burning stove without a chimney is, the.. If a few basic rules are followed cut through the chimney pipe through … system... Connector, etc. ) installing a twin wall flue system through the chimney does stove! Clearances for certified double-wall flue pipes: vertical, horizontal, or flammable items the... ( 18 in. ) stove adds up in costs on wood fuel and energy the bottom check. Place in your stove to get very hot when the door is closed own journey to the! And improve it over time finding a qualified chimney sweep should be swept before! Very hot when the door is closed will warm the air and begin the updraft process helped!