the Middle East would be better used to improve the domes-tic economy. Abstract. A further, postwar tour of the area reinforced his view that “actually Americans and British in the Middle East get along rather badly.” All this is now forgotten history. While this is a state of affairs the European Union wants to preserve, even after Britain leaves the bloc, the UK government is determined to see that relationship change, … A personal memory by OLIVER MILES This article was published in the British Yemeni Society's journal, 1997 Although I was an outsider, from the Foreign Office and not from the Aden Service, I had an insider’s view of the last six months of British rule in Aden thirty years ago. At that point Britain’s Middle Eastern position, which depended on a chain of bases and friendly governments, was imperiled. The British decision to withdraw from the Palestine mandate in 1947–1948 may at first glance appear contradictory to British strategic interests. This Concerned that France would block British access to the eastern Mediterranean and thereby threaten critical trade routes to India, the British navy collaborated with Ottoman authorities to evict French troops from Egypt. Indeed, the Minister confirmed that “there was no thought of withdrawal in our minds” and that Britain would remain in Overall, European fishermen get more than 60 per cent of all fish by weight from British waters. “The British armed forces are not alien to the sprawling streets of Baghdad or the vast deserts of Iraq, but its last mission in the Middle East has seen that it works alongside Iraq with other coalition partners to help provide a safe and stable society in which Iraqis can live and enjoy Its good. These fi nal phases leading up to the demise of the British Empire in the Middle East have been studied principally from the British side. Labour returned to power in Britain in October 1964 after thirteen years in opposition. B.T.E. Planned withdrawal of British troops from Palestine. Disputes between the United Kingdom and Egypt over The Sudan led to negotiations collapsing, but the British withdrawal continued. But any lingering perceptions of an impending British departure reflected only rumors, and certainly not any reality. The H.Q. Harold Wilson’s distinctive contributions to decolonization were the ‘Withdrawal from East-of-Suez’ and failure to prevent Southern Rhodesia’s UDI. Because the British presence had had an impact on the political, economic, cultural, and social aspects of life in ... British withdrawal, consequences which are continuing today. Their solution, partition, with Jerusalem as a separate entity, was announced at the end of November to the joy of Zionists and despair of Palestinian Arabs. The UN appointed the United Nations Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP) most of whose members had little, if any, knowledge of the Middle East, let alone Palestine. Union in the Indian Ocean and in the Middle East--all of these critical elements make the Gulf area an important part of the world. In June 1956 the British troops quit Suez on schedule. Soon thereafter, the British government, pressed by extreme exigencies of the home economy, decided on a complete military withdrawal East of Suez, including the Persian Gulf, by the end of 1971. was moved from Cairo to Moascar, a suburb of Ismailia in the Canal Zone. By the end of 1954, Gamal Abdel Nasser had induced Britain to accept total withdrawal by June 1956 and set to work to undermine Britain’s position in Iraq and Jordan. The Middle East and Palestine were vital to Britain's Cold War strategy, and its government repeatedly stated the need for a continued British presence in the region to prevent Soviet expansion. In May 1946, plans were announced for the withdrawal of British Troops from Egypt into the Canal Zone. 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