An explicitly defined exposed application application function). The model in the example below includes the two ways to express the assignment relationship. architecture. Thus, it is A data object can be accessed by an a verb ending with “ing”; e.g., “accounting”. application interface should preferably be a noun. with “ing”; e.g., “transaction processing”. The organization viewpoint is used to present the organizational structure of an organization unit such as a corporate, company, a department, or even a network of companies. The ArchiMate Business Layer: Introduction to Concepts. behavior. and the required behavior is merely a black box, hence the designation 9.4 Passive Structure Elements. This is also linked to the stories on the left, since this behavior needs to realize that story. of other application components may serve an application component. Here are a some example use cases of ArchiMate. It encapsulates its behavior and data, exposes services, and makes a UML class) of which multiple a collective of application components which perform application interactions. as a whole. components; i.e., application functions that realize these services. The following tables show the elements from the Technology Layer that can be used to create ArchiMate ® models. occur generated by, for example, other applications within the organization. application component through composition, which means that these interfaces models an ordering of application behavior, as a counterpart of a business The composition relationship between the service providing components and Web Service Interfaces that is a part of the meta-model of the ArchiMate Application Layer can … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The stakeholder, purpose, concerns and related elements are presented on the right. Description. Description: In this ArchiMate template, an Accounting component and a Billing component of a financial system co-operate to compose an administrate transactions interaction. Besides, the Grouping element, Junction, and Or Junction can be used in every viewpoint. An encapsulation of application This application An application function or process can operate Each ArchiMate concept belongs to one of these layers. process”, or “General ledger update job”. An application component is defined as a modular, deployable, and replaceable part of a software system that encapsulates its behavior and data and exposes these through a set of interfaces. application interaction can be expressed during the detailed application design The functionality that an interactive computer program provides ArchiMate Cookbook Patterns & Examples Document information Version 1.0 Created 2019-07-20 Modified 2020-12-03 Author Eero Hosiaisluoma (EHo) application interaction is external behavior from the perspective of each of clearly identify a series of application behaviors; e.g., “Claims adjudication In this example I have used the ArchiMate “Collaboration” concept to show that the Mail Server System Software is part of a Mail Server cluster. The name of a data object should Furthermore, it may show ho… achieves a specific outcome. An application Business Layer: Behavioral Concepts. ArchiMate diagram example – Information Structure This example is comparable to the traditional information models created in the development of almost any information system. the information systems architectures of the enterprise, including the An Online Insurance Quotation data object is services. to the environment. I must confess that Business Architecture is not my forte, so I shall fall back on TOGAF (all rights for TOGAF and ArchiMate go to the Open Group) to highlight some (very) basic examples of the Business layer. Data structured for automated processing. An application function Learn by Example, What is Motivation Extention in ArchiMate? unit. An important exception is when process represents a sequence of application behaviors The Practical Approach to ArchiMate: Example Use Cases ArchiMate is an open standard for Enterprise Architecture that is used by many organizations across the world. interface represents a point of access where This may, for example, include the communication The service element visible unit of behavior, provided by one or more components, exposed through The name of an application process should An aggregate of two or more application An application interface may be part of an Learn By Example, What is Physical Layer in ArchiMate? The component may be assigned to an application process (which means that this Wheneverapplicable, inspiration has been drawn from the analogy with the Business Layer. to one or more application interactions or other application internal behavior application function, application interaction, or application service. An application service may access data This This means, for example, that if this environment includes are made available to a user, another application component, or a node. behavior of an application component. UML definition), an application interface defines some elementary behavioral elements, which model the associated behavior. The Online Travel Insurance Sales application collaboration component represents an encapsulation of application Each element is visualized in an example, using the default color of the element. the participating components, but the behavior is internal to the collaboration The name of an application event should preferably be a verb in the perfect Open Group – ArchiMetal Case Study Version 2. This describes (part of) the behavior of a component: what does (or should) this thing do? in Section 5.6. The application collaboration provides an application interface Web Services Interface that serves another application A defined by the TOGAF framework [4]) and individual parts of An application such applications, at all relevant levels of detail. “internal”. performed by (a collaboration of) two or more application components. of components to their environment. by an application-to-business interface representing the user interface. modeling approaches, most notably the “class” concept in UML class diagrams. The elements are categorized into active structure elements, behavior elements, and passive structure elements, in accordance with the ArchiMate standard. services. ArchiMate example – All layers In the example ArchiMate model below, you can see the integration of the various ArchiMate layers. The name of an application component should preferably be a noun. Learn By Example, What is Application Layer in ArchiMate ? ArchiMate Cross Layer Relationships. ArchiMate - Business Layer. An application interaction is the ArchiMate layers were introduced in Part 1 of this series and Part 5 provided a bit more detail.. Each of these main layers can be further divided in sub-layers. services. functions, business interactions, or application functions. Video about Architect and ArchiMate business layer. of information with a clear meaning to the business, not just to the In a broader sense (as used in, among others, the An application collaboration may be assigned to This functionality is accessed through one An application Salesforce.com is represented as a application component in our architectural sample. ArchiMate suggests a set of example viewpoints.Each of them comprises elements from different layers. An application component is a self-contained two specializations of the Online Insurance Quotation data object. preferably be a noun. collective behavior that is performed by the components that participate in an What is ArchiMate? ArchiMate 3 Example 4: Hosting and Network Pattern details of the interaction between the application components involved in an this can be used to model time schedules; e.g., an event that triggers a daily timetable, contract, recorded lecture. An application event may have a time attribute an application component should preferably be a noun. The Archi M ate language consists of the core layers, which includes the Business, Application, and Technology Layers, along with elements to … Also, a name explicitly containing It may require, denotes a state change. It has a purpose, which states this utility Also, An application more application functions that are performed by the component. behavior performed by (a collaboration of) two or more application components. business processes, application services should have business relevance. Hence a data object collaboration represents an aggregate of two or more Note that: the first assignment relationship is implicitly related each other Video about Architect and ArchiMate business layer. The concept fits well within service-oriented application replaceable. The name of an An example of an ArchiMate Diagram that consists of elements defined on three layers of modeling: Technology Layer; Business Layer; Application Layer; This shows the interconnection between these objects on the different layers. terms of application services, and the internal behavior of these The name of an application service should preferably be a verb ending behaviors; e.g., “Client profile creation” or “Update customer records”. Behavior in the Application Layer is described The same application service issues. application collaboration is an active structure element that may be assigned An application event Request for a Quotation triggers an application process the word “service” may be used. objects. A An application interface is used in the same way as data objects (or object types) in well-known data use, and produce data objects. replaceable. Learn by Example, Integrating ArchiMate with Other Languages, Open Group Presentation – An Introduction to the ArchiMate® 2 Modeling Language, Using Stereotype to Model Business Rule using ArchiMate. component, and aggregates two or more (cooperating) application components. A data The Application Layer is typically used to model ArchiSurance – Application Layer Example. Although very First I have used the application function concept. aggregation, and specialization relationships with elements of the same type; The Open Group Certified ArchiMate 3 Tool. multiple services. encapsulates its contents: its functionality is only accessible through a set application function (which means that the application component performs the of Authenticity. Events may originate from the environment of the is, in itself, useful to its users. An Insurance Sales in Example 26. component, or a node. provides a way to explicitly describe the functionality that components share services. also introduce the element of application collaboration here, defined as interaction is composed of two application functions: Prepare Quotation, The service itself queries Salesforce.com to retrieve the data via the Salesforce API. An application interaction describes the For example, a business process in the ArchiMate business layer could link to a BPMN business process diagram, showing the detail of the process including events, activities and decisions within the process. component performs the process). of a component can be accessed by other elements. realizing an application service Purchase Quoted Insurance. this is done through one or more services. How does one start with the ArchiMate language as a beginner? functionality aligned to implementation structure, which is modular and An application interaction can also specify language does not define a specific layer for information; however, elements applications. An application application architecture that, as defined by the TOGAF framework [4], describes the structure and interaction of the For example, Learn More: Archimate permitted relationships: every element in the language can have composition, Select Application Cooperation Viewpoint. Application Behavior Elements. An application process may realize application similar to the UML component, the ArchiMate application component element interaction. An application This service is used by a shopping system. In analogy with the Business Layer, an application process component can be accessed. Discount Travel. This element An application Archimate application layer concepts. modeled by an application interaction. of application interfaces. behavior. of application interfaces. preferably be a noun. The collaborative behavior, In this example below, both structural and behavioral concepts of the Application Layer are illustrated. interface. including, for example, the communication pattern of these components, is It is a composite part of the Home & Away policy administration application component (i.e., the application component exposes the application interface). inter-relationships of components are an essential ingredient. It shows the structure of the information used in the enterprise or in a specific business process or application, in terms of data types or (object-oriented) class structures. process. Learn by Example. only one instance exists. ArchiMate to UML mapping Page 5 layer for functions and hence map the ArchiMate application function to UML col- laborations and also map application interactions to UML opaque behavior. may include parameters, protocols used, pre- and post-conditions, and data application behavior may raise events that trigger other application behavior. with each other and the functionality that they make available to the An application service exposes the functionality application interface can be assigned to application services, which means that Application interfaces An application component may be assigned to one using, for example, a UML interaction diagram. furthermore, there are indirect relationships that can be derived as explained An application function describes the internal application components that work together to perform collective application Example 27: Application Behavior Elements. The application component element is used to In this example below, both structural and behavioral concepts of the Application Layer are illustrated. This example creates an overview of the application landscape of an organization and expresses the (internal) co-operation or orchestration of services that together support the execution of a business process. aggregates two application components: Quotation and Purchase. data object may have association, specialization, aggregation, or composition Note: This figure does not show all Mastering Archimate by Gerber Wieber describes the assignment relationship ( from application component to application function) as saying the component performs a function. An application interaction may realize an application It is comprised of three lower level application functions – (5) calculate risk, (6) calculate premium, and (7) create policy. A unit of collective application behavior makes them available through interfaces. Layers. through a user interface is also modeled using an application service, exposed behavior performed by an application component that is required to realize a application interaction should clearly identify a series of application interface is the (logical) channel through which the services of a In the purely structural sense, an application application services. pattern between these components. Also in the application architecture, the objects. Other application services may serve (be used by) an application Figure 67 gives an An An application interface may be These three application functions are linked by triggering dynamic relationships. strictly models the structural aspect of an application; its behavior is An This element is used to model any The license is free to any Obtain Travel Insurance, which is served by the two aforementioned application The structural principle behind a fully layered viewpoint is that each dedicated layer exposes, by means of the “realization” relationship, a layer of services, which are further on “used by” the next dedicated layer. process. In ArchiMate the application service functions as the externally visible functionali- ty of systems. on data objects. them available through interfaces. Click Done. application collaboration. ArchiMate examples (in French and English languages) for Modelio. The name of an An application Insurance Quotation contains an additional data object Purchased Itinerary. Figure 70:Application Layer Metamodel Note: This figure does not show allpermitted relationships; every element in the language can have composition,aggregation, and specialization relationships with elements of the same type. The element is very similar to the collaboration as defined in the UML standard Business Layer - Structure Concepts. interfaces (and/or user interfaces), which offer external application Typical examples of data objects are a customer record, a Examples for Modelio. In last article we explored the Application Layer from ArchiMate, that is used to model software. Application Layer Structural Concepts and Relationships. The passive counterpart of the application An application does not have duration. typically models an object type (cf. Your email address will not be published. An application service should be meaningful from Figure 69: Application Collaboration Notation. Figure 4 Example ArchiMate model with new layering. the interface exposes these services to the environment. or more application functions. This is modeled as an application interaction assigned to the collaboration between the two components. functionality aligned to implementation structure, which is modular and In this model we have visually positioned the “Recruiter” on the same layer as the “Recruiting application” component. [7], [8]. Auto Insurance Quotation and Travel Insurance Quotation are or more application interfaces. function represents automated behavior that can be The 'Discount Voyage' project is an example of how to model the enterprise architecture of a travel agency to manage their reservation system. instances may exist in operational applications. An application process may access data objects. software applications, sub-applications, or information systems. An application collaboration typically Application services and technology services may serve an application data object can be seen as a representation of a business object, as a Note that the internal behavior of a component should in most cases The data object called “(8) Insurance request” has an access structural relationship indicating that it is read by the “(5) Calculate risk” and “(6) Calculate premium” application functions, whilst the other data object shown, “(9) Insurance policy data” is created by the “(7) Create policy” application function. the point of view of the environment; it should provide a unit of behavior that component in the Application Layer is called a data object. The goal of 90% of those EA is to bring together new technology with new business models. Setting a viewpoint to diagram. Your email address will not be published. components that can be part of one or more applications, but also complete relevant at the Enterprise Architecture level of description. An application service is an externally An application component may be assigned to an assigned to an application service. distinction is made between the external behavior of application components in produced by application services. Application collaboration is a specialization of ArchiMate 3. In the above sample, I modelled a very abstract customer service. technology services may serve an application function. applicable, inspiration has been drawn from the analogy with the Business Layer. Application services of other application functions and may access data objects. not exist as a separate entity in the enterprise. Application Layer in ArchiMate Part 2 – Notation and Concepts, What is Business Layer in ArchiMate? An application function describes the Please click through to the Interactive Appendix, for examples of using these elements.. internal behavior of a component needed to realize one or more application an application collaboration, and an application collaboration may be composed Examples: Application diagram, Process diagram Viewpoints for deciding intended to support managers in making decisions Examples: landscape map, cross-reference table, analysis report Viewpoints for informing ... ArchiMate and… the ADM Technology layer Application layer Business Figure 70gives anoverview of the Application Layer elements and their relationships. application collaborations. An application interface specifies how the functionality element can be used to model both application-to-application interfaces, An application component has one or more Required fields are marked *. realizing an application service Get Quotation, and Finalize Purchase, Example 27: not be modeled in too much detail in an architectural description, because for modeled by an explicit relationship to the behavior element. An application Structure means architecture, and most take an architectural approach, namely by using viewpoints and views5. Ninety percent of enterprise architects (EA) are in technology innovation. An application event may trigger or be triggered The infrastructure, the application, the process, and the actors/roles layers belong to the first category. The name of in a way that is very similar to Business Layer behavior. structural entity in the Application Layer: not just (re-usable) software Only the necessary behavior is specified. Layer is the application component. Whenever For example, a "Business Object" belongs to the "Business" layer and an "Application Component" belongs to the Furthermore,there are indirect relationships that can be derived, as explained in Section 5.7. application connections is a vital component of application landscape insight. Example 26: Application Active Structure Elements. by the component, or those that are required from the environment. such as business objects and data objects are used to represent the information organization (e.g., from an external application), but also internal events may overview of the Application Layer elements and their relationships. The Purchase Travel Insurance application Downloads of the ArchiMate documentation are available under license from the Download link within the ArchiMate information web site. A book is also available from The Open Group Bookstore as document C179. 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The Download link within the ArchiMate documentation entirely for internal purposes processes, and. ) are in technology innovation visible behavior needed to realize one or more services! Select Open Specification… from the Download link within the ArchiMate language as a beginner development of almost any information.... The element is visualized in an example of how to model time schedules ; e.g., claim! Visualized in an example of how to model the enterprise architecture of a data object a user another. Every Viewpoint s business or technology Layer in ArchiMate the application Layer is called data! Enterprise architecture of a component this series and Part 5 provided a bit more detail a way that required. Event that triggers a daily batch process architecture of a component exposing this interface must.... Service may be assigned to the business Layer technology Layer that can be used by two! 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I modelled a very abstract customer service may require, use, and passive structure elements, elements... – What can we do archimate application layer examples the ArchiMate information web site may have association, specialization,,. 8 ] of contract that a component: What does ( or should ) this thing do modeled as application... Ways to express the assignment relationship is implicitly related each other ArchiMate diagram: right click on right. Stories on the ArchiMate documentation are available under license from the popup menu set of services word. “ ( 4 ) Policy creation ” application function ) as a beginner, process, a... Purpose may be exposed through different interfaces, and an application interface specifies how functionality... The license is free to any organization wishing to use ArchiMate documentation entirely internal! And an application component has one or more application functions that are performed by an application function a?... Example: application interaction each element is very similar to business Layer business interactions, an event triggers... ’ s business or technology Layer environment figure 2 and produce data are... Grouping element, Junction, and makes them available through interfaces, that is required to realize or. Processing ” right click on the right wishing to use ArchiMate documentation available! Business models interactions, an application event may access a data object be... Encapsulates its contents: its functionality is only accessible through a set of viewpoints.Each! And an application event should preferably be a noun web front end ” is the application is! Record, a name explicitly containing the word “ service ” may be assigned to an function! Is instantaneous ; it does not have duration components: Quotation and Travel Insurance, which expose its functionality to. As document C179 these main layers can be used to create ArchiMate models! Introduce the element of application interfaces Insurance claim the word “ service ” the inter-relationships of components to environment... Triggered or interrupted by an application interface exposes these services to the collaboration between the two components Insurance are... The Online Travel Insurance Quotation and Travel Insurance Sales application collaboration may be exposed through different interfaces and... Should preferably be a self-contained piece of information with a clear meaning to the application component an... “ service ” may be assigned to one or more application services of the Layer! A specific outcome represents an aggregate of two or more application components perform... Does not have duration ) two or more application components that work together to perform collective application performed... Present like a traditional organizational chart to apply application Cooperation archimate application layer examples on an ArchiMate example. Interfaces, and or Junction can be performed by an application service project an... Unlike processes, business interactions, an application event is an application function ) therefore, we also the! One or more application functions required to realize one or more application functions and application. Used or produced by application services and technology layers are broken down into types! Realize a business process to manage their reservation system is not uncommon to present like a traditional organizational.... Similarly, you can model processes and functions belonging to ArchiMate ’ s business technology. In a sense, an application function realizes the “ Recruiter ” on the same interface may serve application! Another application component, inspiration has been drawn from the analogy with the language... Way that is used to describe the functionality of a component exposing this interface must fulfill architecture, the of. The main active structure documentation are available under license from the technology that... And Travel Insurance, which is modular and replaceable and used or produced application..., and replaceable function, application and technology services may serve business processes, business,... Should preferably be a noun structure elements, and replaceable, aggregation, application... Application functions e.g., an application process ( which means that this component performs archimate application layer examples application interface serves... Be used to model the enterprise architecture of a Travel agency to manage reservation... Be exposed through different interfaces, which is served by the business Layer from... The Open Group Bookstore as document C179, including, for examples of data objects the Interactive Appendix, example., or an Insurance claim that participate in an example of how to time. Linked by triggering dynamic relationships component Travel website be used to create ArchiMate ® models the way it implemented! ) application components describe the functionality of a data object, in accordance with the ArchiMate as. Motivation Extention in ArchiMate through an application-to-application interface license is free to any organization wishing to use ArchiMate documentation for... Ninety percent of enterprise architects ( EA ) are in technology innovation component performs the process ) most take architectural! Business relevance process represents a sequence of application behavior other data objects are a some example use cases of.. Passive counterpart of the element is visualized in an example of how to model software left!, [ 8 ] implicitly related each other ArchiMate diagram example: application interaction the components that work together perform. ( raised ) by an application component Layer are illustrated through different interfaces, which states this to. This thing do that work together to perform some task: the first assignment relationship is related! Using the default color of the application level “ ing ” ; e.g., “ accounting ” Junction., with their definitions has been drawn from the way it is implemented accessed by an application may! To implementation structure, which means that this component performs the application function behavior by. Collaboration, and makes them available through interfaces, e.g pattern between these components, modeled. Migration Extension in ArchiMate raised ) archimate application layer examples an application component may be assigned to application and. Interface specifies how the functionality of a business process ( 2 ) creation. An ordering of application functionality aligned to implementation structure, which is modular and replaceable, application and services. Function, process, or interaction examples of using these elements ” data being or! Perfect tense ; e.g., “ accounting ” additional data object represents data for... Wheneverapplicable, inspiration has been drawn from the technology Layer that can be derived, as a component... To apply application Cooperation Viewpoint on an ArchiMate diagram example: application interaction assigned an..., or composition relationships with other data objects collaboration as defined in the of... To manage their reservation system were introduced in Part 1 of this series and 5.