The species has been assessed as Vulnerable by the IUCN and face threats from habitat destruction. Mountain zebras number near 35,000 individuals and their population appears to be increasing. ... nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Barbour's Seahorse, Zebra Snout Seahorse - Hippocampus barbouri. Captive reared seahorse, on the other hand, are almost always willing to accept frozen. Below are the scientific name and most commonly accepted common names. [77] When migrating, they appear to rely on some memory of the locations where foraging conditions were best and may predict conditions months after their arrival. [98] The film Racing Stripes features a captive zebra ostracised from the horses and ending up being ridden by a rebellious girl. [101] Zebras have lent themselves to products and advertisements, notably for 'Zebra Grate Polish' cleaning supplies by British manufacturer Reckitt and Sons and Japanese pen manufacturer Zebra Co., Ltd..[102], Zebras have been kept in captivity since at least the Roman Empire. Only unhealthy stallions have their harems taken over, and even then, the new stallion gradually takes over, pushing the old one out without a fight. They seldom wander 10–12 km (6.2–7.5 mi) from a water source. The seahorse does not have scales like most fish and instead, the seahorse has a bone structure that is made up of little plates and covered with a thin layer of skin. Loud snorting in zebras is associated with alarm. The Maasai proverb "a man without culture is like a zebra without stripes" has become popular in Africa and beyond. Since these creatures don’t swim well and they don’t have defense mechanisms they are often at the mercy of their environment to protect them .One thing that the seahorse has going for them is that they are very small. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hippocampus erectus. Red finches can form flocks of over 100 birds, What are the best dogs for city living? Mares may wander through several territories but remain in one when they have young. There are currently about 120 various scientific names in use for various seahorses, but many are synonyms. SEAHORSE ZEBRA SNOUTED Hippocampus barbouri Most seahorses tend to change colour depending on their mood but Zebra Snouted seahorses remain a vibrant yellow colour most of the time. †E. Species Hippocampus zosterae little seahorse. Identification: Description: (based on 3 specimens): Adult height: 7.0-8.0cm. This is also one that is commercially grown so that it can be sold as pets. 2016. [46] There have even been morphs with white spots on dark backgrounds. For people of the African diaspora, the zebra represented the politics of race and identity, being both black and white. The dwarf seahorse is popular in aquariums but faces threats related to habitat loss. Scientific Name: Common Name: H. abdominalis ... White's Seahorse. The quagga was probably vulnerable to extinction due to its limited distribution, and it may have competed with domestic livestock for forage. Are they carnivores? [8][28][89], Females of these species benefit as males give them more time for feeding, protection for their young, and protection from predators and harassment by outside males. The stripes on the legs, ears and tail are separate and horizontal. About Pixie Seahorse – This species of seahorse also known as the Dwarf Seahorse, are very delicate and very small.They require the daily preparation of live artmeia. [13][17][18], Equus originated in North America and direct paleogenomic sequencing of a 700,000-year-old middle Pleistocene horse metapodial bone from Canada implies a date of 4.07 million years ago (mya) for the most recent common ancestor of the equines within the range of 4.0 to 4.5 mya. Scientific Name: Stegostoma fasciatum : Reef Compatible: No : Care Level: Expert-only : Disposition: Aggressive : Min. For example, the scientific name for the house cat is Felis catus. The taxonomy has proven difficult because seahorses don't vary a great deal from one species to another. However, this is not the primary food of seahorses. This “dance” can last for several days where the males and females follow a similar swimming pattern. List the six stages in … The seahorse is a small family of vertebrate species that is found in the tropical shallows and temperate waters around the world. Scientific Name: Hippocampus barbouri : Reef Compatible: Yes : Care Level: Intermediate : Disposition: Peaceful : Min. †E. Because common names can be quite confusing and vary quite a bit, it is best to always use the scientific name of a species. mauritanicus A zorse is a cross between a zebra and a horse; a zonkey between a zebra and a donkey and a zoni between a zebra and a pony. They have evolved some interesting adaptations to life in the sea. They have evolved some interesting adaptations to life in the sea. Latin Name: Hippocampus zebra Common Name: Zebra Seahorse Max length: 8.0 cm Environment: Marine, reef associated species that is non-migratory Native Country: Australia Habitat: Found in very deep waters and is not often seen due to … In addition, their body is covered by a series of bony plates and they have tiny “wings” (which are dorsal fins) for guiding them slowly and clumsily through the water. Equiferus appears to have entered into Portuguese as ezebro or zebro, which was originally a name for a mysterious (possibly feral) equine in the wilds of … The pygmy seahorse lives in the Western Pacific offshore Indonesian islands and northern Australia at depths ranging from 16 to 40 meters. Nevertheless, they can subsist on lower-quality vegetation. Instead, the female seahorse lays her eggs (anywhere between 5 to more than 1,000 eggs are laid depending on the species of seahorse), into the male’s brooding pouch where they remain until they hatch within around 3 to 6 weeks later. The belly and legs are white when unstriped, but the muzzle is dark and the skin underneath the coat is uniformly black. As of late 2020, two seahorse species are listed as Endangered and 12 are identified as Vulnerable by the IUCN. The oldest fossil record of seahorses dates back 13 million years. They are preyed on mainly by lions and typically flee when threatened but also bite and kick. Seahorses are one of the most unique-looking animals in the world. Unfortunately, many of the best beachcombing sites tend to far from the popular beaches in The Turks and Caicos. On thinglink.com, edit images, videos and 360 photos in one place. For example, the big-belly seahorse can reach 14 inches (35 cm) in length. Unpublished. Generally, seahorses prefer soft coral environments and live in offshore reefs that rarely exceed 100 meters in depth. If you’re looking for pet seahorses, they’re considered difficult pets to keep. Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. The species was first described in 1964 and relatively little is known about the species. Hippocampus zebra Name Homonyms Hippocampus zebra Whitley, 1964 Common names Zebra seahorse in English Zebra seahorse in English Zebrasøhest in Danish 条纹海马 in language. The plains zebra live in the plains and grasslands of Ethiopia to South Africa. [26], Usually, a single foal is born, which is capable of running within an hour of birth. The zebra seahorse (Hippocampus zebra) is a species of fish in the Syngnathidae family. [13][20][21], The cladogram of Equus below is based on Vilstrup and colleagues (2013):[13] The species lives in reefs along the Eastern Pacific. There are several different predators in the wild that the seahorse has to be careful with. This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 11:22. Zebra Seahorse, Hippocampus zebra Whitley, 1964. The species prefers hard coral reefs. The species prefers seagrass and algal beds. ... Help us save the seahorse and the coral reefs they live in with a tax deductible contribution to the Seahorse Hawaii Foundation. [21] E. oldowayensis is identified from remains in Olduvai Gorge dating to 1.8 mya. Syngnathidae (pipefishes and seahorses) Scientific name Hippocampus zebra Whitley, 1964 Common name zebra seahorse WildNet taxon ID 32192 Back on Track (BoT) status Low Conservation significant No Wetland status Wetland Dependant Species Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Species environment Marine Other resources [116] The last captive quagga, a female in Amsterdam's Natura Artis Magistra zoo, lived there from 9 May 1867 until it died on 12 August 1883. [92] A stallion may look after a foal in his territory to ensure that the mother stays, though it may not be his. Zebra Seahorse (Hippocampus zebra) The zebra seahorse gets its name from its black and white alternating stripes that look very similar to zebras. [82], Zebras are preyed on mainly by lions. Harems travel in a consistent filing order with the high-ranking mares and their offspring leading the groups followed by the next-highest ranking mare and her offspring, and so on. The species is one of the smallest seahorses, measuring a maximum of just 2.4 cm. Cultured specimens range from pale yellow to a brilliant red-orange, often further adorned with reddish brown spots and lines. These animals would eventually be given by the Dutch to the Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan. [80][23] Mountain zebras can be found at elevations of up to 2,000 m (6,600 ft). The eyes of zebras are at the sides and far up the head, which allows them to see above the tall grass while grazing. Males have spade-shaped canines, which can be used as weapons in fighting. Scientific Name: Hippocampus Zosterae. It is suggested the species was closely related to the Grévy's zebra and may have been its ancestor. How the zebra got its stripes has been the subject of folk tales, some of which involve it being scorched by fire. [7], Zebras are classified in the genus Equus (known as equines) along with horses and asses. The zebra seahorse gets its name from its black and white alternating stripes that look very similar to zebras. Crustaceans such as crabs, fish, and rays are all common predators of the seahorse. This is a black, white stripe horse. [28], Fights between males usually occur over mates and involve biting and kicking. Barbour’s seahorse grows up to 15 cm (6 in) and lives along islands and reefs near Indonesia and the Philippines. The plains zebra is the national animal of Botswana and zebras have been depicted on stamps during colonial and post-colonial Africa. [26] The call of the Grévy's zebra has been described as "something like a hippo's grunt combined with a donkey's wheeze", while the mountain zebra is relatively silent. The maximum reported depth is 69 m. It is ovoviviparous, the male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is situated under the tail. Visualise and analyse relationships between species, location and environment. They regularly rub against trees, rocks, and other objects and roll around in dust for protection against flies and irritation. Due to the small size and vulnerability of the seahorse, the seahorse has numerous predators within its natural environment. IDENTIFY THE SIX STAGES OF A SEAHORSE’S LIFE CYCLE. Seahorses were given international protection on 15th may 2004. A zebra's dazzling stripes make them among the most recognisable mammals. Tank Size: 1500 gallons : Mature Size: 93 inches Seahorses are slow-moving fish that rely on camouflage for their survival. The length of gestation varies by species; it is roughly 11–13 months, and most mares come into oestrus again within a few days after foaling, depending on conditions. Let’s […] Read More, David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2011) Animal, The Definitive Visual Guide To The World's Wildlife, Tom Jackson, Lorenz Books (2007) The World Encyclopedia Of Animals, David Burnie, Kingfisher (2011) The Kingfisher Animal Encyclopedia, Richard Mackay, University of California Press (2009) The Atlas Of Endangered Species, David Burnie, Dorling Kindersley (2008) Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Animals, Dorling Kindersley (2006) Dorling Kindersley Encyclopedia Of Animals. One species, the pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus bargibanti), has such extreme camouflage that the species was first discovered in 1970 after the coral colony had been collected for an aquarium and it was later realized there was a new species of seahorse on the coral! [109], As of 2016–2019, the IUCN Red List of mammals lists the Grévy's zebra as endangered, the mountain zebra as vulnerable and the plains zebra as near-threatened. E. grevyi Pygmy seahorse have a unique appearance, with red bulbous tubercles across their body that allows them to seamlessly blend in with coral reefs and a short snout. In contrast to other living equines, zebra forelimbs are longer than their back limbs. The species has a long snout and one of the most distributed ranges of all seahorses. The San people associated zebra stripes with water, rain and lighting because of its dazzling pattern, and water spirits were conceived of having zebra stripes. Hippocampus zebra. The plains zebra is also known as the common zebra. [114] Zebra meat was mainly eaten by European colonisers; among African cultures only the San are known to eat it regularly. [12] A 2013 phylogenetic study found that the plains zebra is more closely related to Grévy's zebras than mountain zebras. [34][35] E. capensis, known as the Cape zebra, appeared around 2 mya and lived throughout southern and eastern Africa and may also have been a relative of the plains zebra. capensis Zebra Seahorse Hippocampus zebra. All Departments Fish Corals & Plants Invertebrates Aquarium Supplies Collector's Choice. And that’s just the beginning of ways seahorses are completely unique in the animal kingdom!”. Hippocampus aimei - Freshwater Sea Horse . It was assessed in 2017 as Vulnerable by the IUCN. Seahorses are kept as pets, although its recommended for expert hobbyists. However, this happens at three weeks of development for the plains zebra, four weeks for the mountain zebra, and five for Grévy's zebra. Plains zebra are estimated to number 150,000–250,000 with a decreasing population trend. [8] A newborn zebra will follow anything that moves, so new mothers prevent others from approaching their foals while imprinting their own striping pattern, scent and vocalisation on them. E. zebra. [28] In harem-holding species, oestrus in a female becomes less noticeable to outside males as she gets older, hence competition for older females is virtually nonexistent. The confusion hypothesis states that the stripes confuse predators, be it by: making it harder to distinguish individuals in a group as well as determining the number of zebras in a group; making it difficult to determine an individual's outline when the group flees; reducing a predator's ability to follow a target during a chase; The social function hypothesis states that stripes serve a role in intraspecific or individual recognition, social bonding, mutual grooming facilitation, or a signal of fitness. More The scientific name for a Plains Zebra is Equu Quagga. [15][16] Molecular evidence supports zebras as a monophyletic lineage. Grooming usually occurs between mothers and foals and between stallions and mares. Human intervention has fragmented zebra ranges and populations. Zebra Seahorse, Hippocampus zebra. Seahorses belong to the family Syngnathidae, which as of late 2020 included 322 identified species, 12 of which were discovered in the prior decade. Many flocked to see it at its paddock at Buckingham Palace. During storms and adverse weather, seahorses will use their prehensile tail to grip objects to prevent getting tossed around by rough waters. Seahorses are generally carnivorous and will eat a diet of amphipods, smaller shrimp, fish larvae, and other small meals they can “vacuum” into their elongated snouts. Plains zebra groups also live in a fission–fusion society. [47] Albino zebras have been recorded in the forests of Mount Kenya, with the dark stripes being blonde. However, he did not ride on them as he realised that they were too small and aggressive. Scientific Name: Hippocampus Erectus. During the day, they sleep standing up, while at night they lie down. Bibliographic References. 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