So, if you live a good life, then you’ve developed the skill(/s) of acting virtuously. _____ Socrates believed that knowledge is the same thing as virtue or excellence and is … After Meno insists that Socrates approach the original question Meno posed to him namely, “whether…virtue is something teachable, or is a natural gift, or in whatever way it comes to men” (86d) Socrates begins by laying down the first presupposition, “if virtue is a kind of knowledge, it is clear that it could be taught” (87c). Plato argued that being virtuous entails having a clear view of the form of the virtue. For many years great philosophers such as Socrates and Plato have defined and given great understanding into life and its moral ethics. Virtue Ethics started in the years of Socrates and Plato’s era wherein they explained and argued that knowledge consists of both good and evil. The two pioneers behind virtues ethics are Aristotle and Plato. 1. Virtue ethics refers to a collection of normative ethical philosophies that place an emphasis on being rather than doing. Philosophy 302: Ethics Quiz: The Socratic Paradox. He was known to be one of the wisest men on earth. We can develop Virtue by practicing it, as a skill. Virtue ethics is one the three major theories of normative ethics. Hence, we cannot really say that he voluntarily engaged in wrongdoing. This turns out to be a hedonic calculus that gives full value to temporally distant pleasures and pains. Virtue ethics began with Socrates, and was subsequently developed further by Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics. Socrates stresses that virtue was the most important possession and that life must be lived in pursuit of good (Sherman, 1997). Directions: Mark the following questions as "true" or as "false.". On the other hand, Aristotle rejected this position in favour of a naturalistic one. Note: True Opinion Jowett renders Plato's Greek 'true opinion', which is straightforward, i.e. While both of the philosophers believed in the benefit of having virtues, it is Socrates who stresses more than Aristotle the importance of the virtues. Socrates is credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. Note that lack of knowledge in practical wisdom, according to virtue ethics, necessarily involves ignorance of what is truly good. Ethics is the highest goal. Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. They also stated that there is an inert quality in every man, the desire to be good and to perform kindness to others. In the Meno, Plato has Socrates say what the Sophists were saying, namely that ethics is irrational, that moral virtue is not knowledge. After all, Socrates would say, Jack’s act comes from his ignorance. Virtue, Ethics & golden mean. 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