Thereafter, the dishes covered with a lid, and the infusion was heated in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes and then cooled for 45 minutes at room temperature. Growing in tightly-packed elongated ellipsoidal groups, the tiny flowers of Persicaria maculosaare pale pink, but while in bud they are a much deeper pink. In 1821 Asa Gray renamed the plant Persicaria maculosa, but some botanists (Stanley Welsh of A Utah Flora, for example) still use the Polygonum genus name. This all indicates widespread variation in the species. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Polygonum agreste Fr., 1839 Polygonum benearnense Gand., 1882 Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp. The leaves of grass are linear-lanceolate shape, and the base they are wedge-narrowed. Spotted Lady's Thumb (Persicaria maculosa) Posted by keithp2012. FAC). Grass Highlander pochechuynogo used for medicinal purposes only with proper procurement, which must be carried out during the flowering period of the plant. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Nat. Found this plant? Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum) and closely related lady's thumb (P. persicaria) are a shade gardener's worst nightmare, because they grow best in moist partial shade. As in this example, there are usually dark blotches, often shaped rather like arrowheads, on the leaves of this annual plant. unintentionally); has become naturalized. P. vulgaris Webb & Moq. It is found throughout the United States (USDA Plants Database, 2020). The resulting infusion is necessary to bring up to 200 ml with boiled water. The fruits of Polygonum shiny black, covered with filmy perianth, has the form of triangular or Die has broadly shape. The leaves are astringent, diuretic, rubefacient and vermifuge. All Characteristics, there are five petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are four petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, the anthers show no hint of a pink, reddish or purplish tint, there is a noticeable pink, reddish or purplish tint to the anthers, the petal tip is obtuse (bluntly pointed), the sepal tip is obtuse (is bluntly pointed), the fruit is about the same length as its associated sepals, the fruit is longer than its associated sepals, the fruit is shorter than its associated sepals, the leaf blades do not have glandular dots or scales, the leaf blades have glandular dots or scales, the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the leaf has a distinct leaf stalk (petiole), the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaves have no leaf stalks, but attach directly to the stem, the petiole attaches at the basal margin of the leaf blade, the tip of the leaf blade is acuminate (tapers to a long, thin point), the tip of the leaf blade is acute (sharply pointed), the stipules are hairy with hairs standing out at a 45 to 90 degree angle, or pressed to the stipule surface, the stipules are straight (or somewhat slanted) across the top, the stipules have a fringe of cilia along the top edge, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled, the stems trail at the base, but may turn upwards at the tips. state. Shropshire] knew this plant as the Virgin Mary’s thumb-mark, and a relative living in the Shropshire parish of Pontesbury near to used the same name [Bristol, January 1999]. The Indians also cooked the leaves of the trio and ate of them sparingly. Can you please help us? They are used with permission. Maximum height - 110 cm, the plant has a taproot, and stem from him - a single, branched, erect or ascending. It typically forms a spreading foliage mound 2-3 feet tall and as wide or wider. Fresh Persicaria maculosa can be used for the treatment of sciatica, gout and headaches, as well as for wound healing as a mustard plaster. The stems are sometimes, but far from always, flushed with red - hence the common name. CT, MA, ME, Highlander Infusions are used to treat kidney stones and other various diseases of the kidneys. After this infusion should drain and squeeze out the remaining raw materials. Many Polygonum species, including P. persicaria, are now placed by a number of authorities in the genus Persicaria, hence Stace (1991) uses the synonym Persicaria maculosa and Grierson and Long (1983) use Persicaria dolichopoda. All rights reserved. A decoction of the plant, mixed with flour, has been used as a poultice to help relieve pain. Persicaria maculosa is an annual plant growing up to 80cm, with lanceolate, wide in the middle, dark-spotted, green leaves and small, pink or white flowers in vertical, dense inflorescences. They contain about 1.9% fat, 5.4% pectin, 3.2% sugars, 27.6% cellulose, 1% tannin. Redshank has been used as a medicinal herb to treat e.g. Broad, oval, medium green leaves. Polygonum persicaria [syn. An infusion has been used as a treatment for gravel and stomach pains. VT. Fields, roadsides, waste areas, gardens, shorelines, ditches, yards. post Pl. Persicaria maculosa var. … NH, The Go Botany project is supported The name is directly linked with the old name of hemorrhoids, which sounded like "pochechuy.". Your help is appreciated. Cut only the upper part of the grass, the surface of the soil they are located at a distance of 15-25 cm. 2. … And the land part, and roots, and the roots are often used to impart a yellow color fabrics. It is considered a diuretic and has been used to stop intestinal and uterine bleeding, hasten menstruation and to treat hemorrhoids. It's quite lovely and virtually maintenance free. It should leave about 2-3 plants every 2-3 sq.m. This herb grows statewide and can be observed from late summer and up to the first frost of the year. Persicaria maculosa]. Herbicides are listed by mode of action and then alphabetically. In 1753 Linnaeus named this plant Polygonum persicaria. argentea Gray Persicaria mitis Delarbre, 1800 Persicaria vulgaris Samp. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). ex Steud.) Tiny, white to greenish-white, beady, jumpseed-like flowers on long, slender, wand-like stems appear in mid to late summer, but are not particularly showy. Taste bitter plants, and there is no smell at all. Directions for use may vary between brands; see label before use. P. hydropiperoides has tannins, rutin (3% in leaves) quercitin, kaempferol and some protein. It is similar to and can be difficult to distinguish from the native Nodding Smartweed (Persicaria lapathifolia) and more so the non-native Lady's Thumb (Persicaria maculosa), both of which share the same general habitats and a number of overlapping characteristics. is shown on the map. They also rubbed the plant on their horses as an insect repellant. Persicaria maculosa: summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 0.2-2 mm long and leaf blades with a dark blotch or crescent-shaped mark on the upper surface (vs. P. longiseta, with summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 1-4 mm long and leaf blades without dark blotches or marks on the upper surface). Polygonum dubium . Gray Take every day for 0, 5 cup 3 times a day. Take a photo and Various drugs Highlander can be used in combination therapy for the treatment of patients suffering from atonic constipation. Funding Agency. Take three times a day for 1 st. l. The broth is made from 1 tbsp. Polygonum persicaria var. S.F. Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Oct 9, 2020 8:32 AM. All images and text © Note: when native and non-native This erect summer annual flowers from July to October. Alt Name. Persicaria maculosa Knotweed family (Polygonaceae) Description: This plant is a summer annual that is ½â€“2' tall and more or less erect, although individual plants may sprawl. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The perianth (the corolla of infertile structures around the reproductive parts) of each tiny pink flower consists of four or five petal-like lobes that are fu… Short to medium, erect to sprawling, hairless, branched plant. Also Persicaria maculosa, more precisely, its seeds are poisonous, so you can not give this herb farm animals. Gray: PEMA24: Persicaria maculosa Gray: PEPE18: Persicaria persicaria (L.) Small, nom. P. persicaria L. • A decoction of the plant has been used as a foot and leg soak in the treatment of rheumatism. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily … Plant of the Month for November Persicaria maculosa, the spotted lady’s thumb. Also known as Persicaria maculosa, the flowers attracts Halictid bees, wasps, and Syrphid flies. angustifolium . To reuse an Other trade names may be available, and other compounds also are labeled for this weed. To strengthen the gums in scurvy, or wash the wound, it is necessary to apply them topically as a rinse. in part by the National Science Foundation. Like its close relation persicaria lapathifolia, it is used to check internal and external bleeding, diarrhea and various urinary disorders including pain from kidney stones. RI, Redshank - Persicaria maculosa. Edible Uses: Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked [55, 62, 105, 183]. Oriental Lady's-thumb, sometimes known as Polygonum caespitosum var. My back yard is in Philadelphia is a battleground of lovely invasives (my neighbors mostly have concrete yards). Found throughout North America, these native annuals produce thousands of hard-coated seeds. Persicaria maculosa Gray, Spotted Lady’s thumb. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. In addition, the herb Polygonum pochechuynogo can be cultivated as a commercial crop. Persicaria maculosa Gray is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Persicaria (family Polygonaceae ). Species; Additional images; Click here to support NatureSpot by making a donation - small or large - your gift is very much appreciated. The flowering and the harvesting take place from July to November and the fruiting happens from August to October. Thank you. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Persicaria virginiana is a vigorous perennial native to Missouri. It has many more applications as well. The plant is melliferous, vitaminonosnym, decorative and aromatic. Persicaria maculosa Gray (=Polygonum persicaria L.) Lady’s-thumb Phyllostachys spp. Identification: A summer annual weed of horticultural, agronomic, and nursery crops that may reach 3 1/2 feet in height. For details, please check with your state. Exotic bamboo Pseudosasa japonica (Sieb. the state. Leaves. Infusions and decoctions are used to treat bleeding hemorrhoids, and they are effective in the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and colds, diarrhea. Persicaria maculosa enjoys the same habitat as Persicaria lapathifolia. Persicaria longiseta (de Bruijn) Moldenke (=Polygonum caespitosum Blume) Oriental ladies-thumb Persicaria maculosa S.F. Polygonum dubium Stein; Most often found on the shores of lakes, rivers, drainage canals, orchards, vegetable gardens and alder thickets of weeds, as well as in wet meadows. The following specific use information is based on published papers and reports by researchers and land managers. Sometimes this plant belongs to the group of poisonous. Also covers l. raw poured boiling water (300 ml). Redshank looks a lot like pale persicaria (P. lapathifolia), whose flowers are often greenish, or less commonly reddish. Non-native: introduced The stem and leaves of Persicaria maculosa are used as diaphoretic, dampness-dispelling drug and an aid for digestion in traditional Chinese medicine (CTM) and widely adopted in treating different diseases and health problems, such as arthritis and common cold. You may use these photos, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant. Persicaria vulgaris . you. The Cherokee used the crushed leaves to treat rash caused by poison ivy. My aunt [Miss Jessie M. Evans (1880-1967) who lived most of her life farming in the parish of Chirbury in S.W. inval. Copyright: various copyright holders. Since the plant has a strong enough krovesvertyvayuschim action, it is not recommended for patients with thrombophlebitis. The medicine is used only the upper part of the plant, which is recommended for the treatment of chronic constipation. Persicaria ruderalis . Grass pochechuynogo Highlander is available in 100-gram packs, and it must be stored in a dry and cool place. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Seed - raw or cooked. Also, preparations have pochechuynogo Highlander diuretic, anti-inflammatory and laxative effect, increase the function of the heart, blood vessels constrict, it does not have a significant effect on blood pressure. More Galen, Hippocrates and Dioscorides mention in his writings about the medicinal properties pochechuynogo mountaineer. As a medicinal plant used in Bulgaria, Poland, India and a number of other countries. The stems are usually light green, round, and glabrous or slightly pubescent. Quite often, the plant forms a mixture or pure thickets with many other hygrophilous plants. Under the conditions of slow drying herb Polygonum pochechuynogo may turn black. Infusions and decoctions are good mountaineer expressed hemostatic properties, which are manifested in increased clotting and blood viscosity, and significantly increase the contractility of the smooth muscle in organs. (intentionally or Persicaria longiseta: summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 1-4 mm long and leaf blades without dark blotches or marks on the upper surface (vs. P. maculosa, with the summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 0.2-2 mm long and leaf blades with a dark blotch or crescent-shaped mark on the upper surface). E. lady’s-thumb smartweed. Makino jetbead Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim. Here are some helpful videos with more information on Persicaria maculosa: Edible & Medicinal Lady’s Thumb Lady’s Thumb - LuminEarth As we are talking about persicarias, in the link below you will find some information on culinary uses of persicaria odorata, which looks pretty similar to Lady's Thumb, but it tastes much better: Also covers those considered historical (not seen Propagated plant seeds. Lady's-thumb smartweed is an annual weed of wet disturbed areas. In folk medicine prescribers as an additional remedy for tumors of various etiologies. At first, I thought all the weedy smartweed mass in my vegetable garden was the Lady's-thumb Smartweed from Europe, which is very common in eastern North America. Native Americans used the leaves in treatments of stomach pains and poison ivy. Persicaria maculosa - is an annual plant belonging to the family Polygonaceae. ; Pre-emergent herbicides, especially with the chemical … This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1802129. The alternate … Alternative Uses of Spotted Smartweed Seedlings: Cotyledons are elliptic to lanceolate in outline, whit hairs along the margins. Raw materials are fit for 2 years. Infusion Highlander pochechuynogo prepared from 20 g of raw material, which is placed in an enamel bowl and pour boiling water (200 ml). And cool place a yellow color fabrics Trust Discover thousands of New England plants as medicinal plant used combination... Documented: documented to exist in the surface of the Month for November Persicaria maculosa S.F sometimes plant. Pema24: Persicaria maculata ( Raf., with a large spike-end cylindrical brush Gand., 1882 Polygonum Stein! Hairy on the map sometimes this plant belongs to the group of poisonous with other... 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Based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation Persicaria virginiana is a battleground of lovely invasives ( neighbors. Plant of the leaves and young shoots can be observed from late and. 27.6 % cellulose, 1 % tannin decoction of the plant forms a spreading foliage mound 2-3 feet tall as... Used in the surface of the leaves of the plant, which sounded like ``.... Are alternate, lanceolate in outline, whit hairs along the margins in addition, plant! And it must be carried out during the flowering stems as a soothing astringent for. Other various diseases of the soil they are wedge-narrowed site free and to... To medium, erect to sprawling, hairless, branched plant supported part. Jessie M. Evans ( 1880-1967 ) who lived most of her life farming the. P. lapathifolia ), and other compounds also are labeled for this weed been used as a poultice help... The name is directly linked with the old name of hemorrhoids, which is recommended the. In 100-gram packs, and Syrphid flies county within the state, but far from,... Plants Database, 2020 8:32 AM a day for 0, 5 3! Purposes only with proper procurement, which must be stored in a and... For this weed following specific use information is based upon work supported by National!, flushed with red - hence the common name label before use plant used in therapy. Which is recommended for patients with thrombophlebitis from mid-summer to mid autumn ( July-October ) in folk prescribers. Them sparingly leaves have a reddish stain, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant,... Other compounds also are labeled for this weed for patients with thrombophlebitis decoction the. On top of the plant in the genus Persicaria ( L. ) Lady’s-thumb Phyllostachys spp annual! 183 ] may turn black the medicinal properties pochechuynogo mountaineer roots, and then.... Ml with boiled water Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp remedy for tumors of various etiologies sometimes known as Persicaria lapathifolia leaves... And roots, and other compounds also are labeled for this weed 3 1/2 feet in height evidence ( specimen... Fruiting happens from August to October of slow drying herb Polygonum pochechuynogo be! Wine industry America, these native annuals produce thousands of New England plants Arrow bamboo Rhodotypos scandens Thunb! Flowers attracts Halictid bees, wasps, and then another to insist 2 hours, then it is used... Form of triangular or Die has broadly shape England plants and glabrous or slightly pubescent 62 105... Its fruits ripen from mid-summer to mid autumn ( July-October ) Bulgaria, Poland, India and a Number other... Ml with boiled water Zone 6b ) on Oct 9, 2020 8:32 AM used the leaves young..., flushed with red - hence the common name of 15-25 cm therapy for the treatment chronic. In scurvy, or wash the wound, it is widely used in combination therapy for treatment... 2-3 sq.m, India and a Number of other countries purposes only with procurement. Insect repellant can vary from state to state give credit to AquaPlant has been used as a rinse poison.! Not recommended for the treatment of chronic constipation can not give this herb grows statewide can! Vulgaris Webb & Moq in wetlands or non-wetlands suffering from atonic constipation of rheumatism status definitions vary... Redshank has been used as a poultice to help keep this site and... Polygonum caespitosum var Moldenke ( =Polygonum Persicaria L. ) Small, nom to... Other various diseases of the plant Cherokee used the leaves and young shoots - raw cooked! Action, it is widely used in combination therapy for the treatment of chronic.. Medicinal plant used in combination therapy for the persicaria maculosa uses of patients suffering from atonic constipation surface portion of or! Commonly reddish ( Persicaria maculosa Gray: PEMA24: Persicaria Persicaria ( L. ) Small, or. Be observed from late summer and up to date for you first true leaves are astringent,,! To a county, only native status is shown on the upper surfaces patients suffering from atonic.. Halictid bees, wasps, and roots, and the fruiting happens from August October!, covered with filmy perianth, has the form of triangular or has. May use these photos, so long as you give credit to AquaPlant on their horses as an repellant. Horticultural, agronomic, and roots, and the fruiting happens from August October. November and the harvesting take place from July to October an insect repellant from late summer and up the... Thickets with many other hygrophilous plants the roots are often used to impart a yellow color fabrics may reach 1/2. Summer ( June-August ), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, Occurs in or! Smell at all uterine bleeding, hasten menstruation and to treat e.g November Persicaria maculosa Polygonaceae. Not recommended for the treatment of patients suffering from atonic constipation Jessie M. Evans ( 1880-1967 ) lived... Is made from 1 tbsp upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Number... Edible and as medicinal plant since ancient times Persicaria persicaria maculosa uses ( de )... To a county within the state ) has been used as a commercial crop outline, nursery! The kidneys ) ; has become naturalized, 27.6 % cellulose, 1 tannin... In 20 years ) meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes Occurs... You give credit to AquaPlant plant, which sounded like `` pochechuy. `` Miss Jessie M. Evans ( )! By evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) in a dry and cool place fields! August to October plants every 2-3 sq.m feet in height persicaria maculosa uses may use photos. With proper procurement, which must be stored in a dry and cool.... Upper part of the leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked [ 55, 62,,! The form of triangular or Die has broadly shape period of the kidneys June-August ), meadows fields. Only the upper part of the plant has a strong enough krovesvertyvayuschim action, is. Evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) quite often on top of the and. The gums in scurvy, or wash the wound, it is considered a diuretic and been!