Home - Other Field Guides. Family. Leafy Spurge (Euphorbia esula) Spurge Family By Thomas J. Elpel with additions by Pamela G. Sherman About Leafy Spurge: If you have seen a Poinsettia at Christmas time then you have met a close relative of leafy spurge. Common Name. Leafy spurge spreads with its extensive root system, which can exceed 4.5 metres horizontally and 9 metres vertically. in FNA 2016). The roots extend as deep as 30 feet and are extremely wide-spreading. Euphorbiaceae or Spurge Family Euphorbia esula IDENTIFICATION: Growth Habit: Perennial, grows up to 3 feet tall. Description: Leafy spurge is an erect, branching, perennial herb in the Spurge family (Euphorbiaceae) growing 2 to 3½ feet tall, with smooth stems and showy yellow flower bracts. 2016 Footnote 1). Leafy spurge has clusters of petite, yellowish-green flowers supported by distinctive heart-shaped leaves just below flowers. in Flora of North America (FNA) 2016). Its scientific name is Euphorbia esula L. It is in the family Euphorbiaceae – (Spurge family). Leafy spurge is an herbaceous perennial weed that undergoes vegetative reproduction from an abundance of underground adventitious buds which exhibit phases of para-, endo-, and eco-dormancy (defined by Lang et al. Gastrointestinal Excessive salivation, vomiting, colic and diarrhea may occur in animals other than sheep eating leafy spurge. Leaves: Alternate, linear leaves. Origin: Eurasia. ex Link: EUVI7: Euphorbia virgata Waldst. Flowers: Yellowish green flowers surrounded by bracts. The herbaceous perennial weed has yellowish-green flowers, bluish-green leaves, extensive deep taproots and lateral root systems. Euphorbia esula is an erect, perennial, herbaceous plant that grows from 2-3.5 ft. (0.6-1.1 m) tall. Weed on disturbed ground. Spurge Family. Leafy spurge Euphorbia esula (complex) Spurge family - Euphorbiaceae. Leafy spurge is a non-native perennial forb. Other common name: Faitour's grass Native range: Eurasia Entry into the United States: The plant was first reported in the United States in 1827. Leafy Spurge is part of a taxonomically complex group of species native to Europe and Asia (Berry et al. The stem is smooth and bluish-green. Leafy Spurge a.k.a. It is a creeping perennial which reproduces by seed and extensive creeping roots. Flowers: Inconspicuous, surrounded by large heart shaped floral leaves that turn yellow green near maturity. It is a bushy plant with narrow leaves that spiral around the stem, and grows up to a metre tall with extensive horizontal and vertical roots. The stems are erect, tough and woody, and frequently have many non-flowering branches. 2005). Leaves: Long narrow leaves, usually dropping. Worldwide: Native to central and eastern Europe and temperate Asia and introduced in northern Europe and North America (Canada, the … It has recognizable yellow-green leafy flowers cupped by rounded clover-like bracts. Order - Spurge - Euphorbiales. 1987) during summer, fall, and winter, respectively (Anderson et al. A whorl of leaves marks the start of the flowering portion of the stem. Origin: Eurasia. There is wide variety in the genus, but all spurges contain a milky sap in the stems and leaves. It has been introduced to North America at the beginning of the 19th century. Identification. Guide to Identify Presented Species of the Spurge Family. Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR) is a concept to identify potentially invasive species prior to or just as the establishment of the invasive is taking place. Euphorbia esula – Leafy Spurge Herb with milky juice, 20-90 cm tall. Spurge Family. UPRIGHT PLANTS, LEAVES BROAD. Euphorbiaceae. Strong horizontal rhizomes are also present. 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