[citation needed] All executive power of the local government stemmed from him and as regal patron, he had the authority to supervise mission work and oversee ecclesiastical appointments. In August 1898, the Spanish governor-general covertly agreed with American commanders to surrender Manila to the Americans following a mock battle. Legazpi became the country's first governor-general. Embed … On February 4, 1899, the Philippine–American War began with the Battle of Manila (1899) between American forces and the nascent Philippine Republic. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Page Image PDF ( .pdf ) LOAA005903_TXT.pdf. On June 19, the armada was split, with six ships sailing for the shipyard of Mindoro and the other six remaining in Manila Bay. [35], The early success at Manila did not enable the British to control the Philippines. The Western World was quickly changing and sought less political control from the Roman Catholic Church. The Spanish ships were not badly damaged and casualties were low. In the 1570s, the Spanish traders were troubled to some extent by Japanese pirates, but peaceful trading relations were established between the Philippines and Japan by 1590. On May 19, Emilio Aguinaldo returned to the Philippines aboard a U.S. Navy ship and on May 24 took command of Filipino forces. The opening of the Philippines to world trade, "The Philippine Archipelago" By Yves Boquet Page 262, De Jesus, Luis & De Santa Theresa, Diego. The first task was the reduction, or relocation of indigenous Filipinos into settlements. Welcome back. [32][33][34], There was also an unsuccessful attack on Zamboanga in 1648. Ito ay iniuulat gamit ang mga konsepto at kategorya ng sariling kultura… ZEUS A. SALAZAR Outlined and Compiled by: MR. TECAH C. SAGANDOY … The Spanish quickly organized their new colony according to their model. [Reading in the Philippine History] [Module 15 Week 15 Social, Political, Economic, and Cultural issues in Philippine History- Full Text: READINGS IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY By NICOLAS ZAFRA PROFESSOR OF HISTORY UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES-Revised Edition \ UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES QUEZON CITY, 1956 READINGS IN PHILIPPINE HISTORY NICOLAS ZAFRA. Published PHILIPPINE HISTORY? Their scions studied in the best universities of Europe where they learned the ideals of liberty from the French and American Revolutions. II ( 1840), Institute for Research of Iloilo Official Website, https://books.google.com/books?id=kbWv-pZy5H0C&pg=PA1, "Rostros de piedra; biografías de un mundo perdido", https://www.studymode.com/essays/Polo-y-Servicio-1880531.html, "11. Several revolts did break out, the most serious being in the village of Lindáo. Mode of Dressing 2. [3], Philip II of Spain, whose name has remained attached to the islands, ordered and oversaw the conquest and colonization of the Philippines. By December 1897, the revolution had resulted to a stalemate between the colonial government and rebels. Some its members included José Rizal, Pedro Serrano Laktaw, Baldomero Roxas, and Galicano Apacible. The Spanish garrison on the island was small, but survived a Dutch bombardment. It pushed the reform movement and carried out the propaganda work. Read, highlight, and take notes, across web, tablet, and phone. To check the abuse of power of royal officials, two ancient Castilian institutions were brought to the Philippines: the Residencia, dating back to the 5th century, and the Visita, which differed from the residencia in that it was conducted clandestinely by a visitador-general sent from Spain and might occur anytime within the official's term, without any previous notice. Get Textbooks on Google Play. On May 1, 1898, in the Battle of Manila Bay, the Asiatic Squadron of the U.S. Navy, led by Commodore George Dewey aboard the USS Olympia, decisively defeated the Spanish naval forces in the Philippines. Spain’s rule of the Philippines began soon after the explorer Ferdinand Magellan discovered the islands in 1521. From the 10th AD century Filipinos tr… On January 23, 1899, Aguinaldo established the First Philippine Republic in Malolos. The Philippines is named after King Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) and it was a Spanish colony for over 300 years. were displaced from government positions by the Peninsulares, whom the Insulares regarded as foreigners. After 1821, the colony was governed directly from Spain. The subject of Philippine history is much broader and more splendid than the size and character of this little book reveal. Ornaments 3. In the Philippines, many of those who pushed for a revolution were member of freemasonry like Andrés Bonifacio. The Galleon trade brought silver from New Spain, which was used to purchase Asian goods such as silk from China, spices from the Moluccas, lacquerware from Japan and Philippine cotton textiles. The Insulares had become increasingly Filipino and called themselves Los hijos del país (lit. Rizal then returned to the Philippines to organize La Liga Filipina and bring the reform movement to Philippine soil. Philip was in Brussels at the time and his return to Spain was delayed until 1559 because of European politics and wars in northern Europe. Edition Notes Includes bibliographical references. [42] By August 30, the revolt had spread to eight provinces. After the Liberals won the Spanish Revolution of 1868, Carlos María de la Torre was sent to the Philippines to serve as governor-general (1869–1871). 1521 - Ferdinand Magellan "discovers" the islands and names them: Archipelago of San Lazaro. Description. There is nothing like reading a history or biography book and being so completely transported to another time and place that you find... To see what your friends thought of this book, The pre-colonial government of the Filipinos. Ecclesiastical governor of the islands’ suffragan dioceses, headed by bishops. [citation needed] Following the Bourbon Restoration in Spain and the removal of the Liberals from power, de la Torre was recalled and replaced by Governor-General Izquierdo who vowed to rule with an iron fist. Politics 1. HISTORY (dictionaries)-the study of past events, particularly in human affairs.-the whole series of past events connected with someone or something. Embed. He could be exempted by paying the “falla” which is a sum of money. READINGS IN PHILIPPINE. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. The conquistadores, friars and native nobles were granted estates, in exchange for their services to the King, and were given the privilege to collect tribute from its inhabitants. Share & Embed "Readings in the Philippine History" Please copy and paste this embed script to where you want to embed. Forty-four years after Ferdinand Magellan landed in the Philippines and died in the Battle of Mactan in 1521, the Spanish explored and colonialized the islands, starting with the founding of Cebu by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi in 1565. In 1570, Legazpi sent his grandson, Juan de Salcedo, who had arrived from Mexico in 1567, to Mindoro to punish the Muslim Moro pirates who had been plundering Panay villages. It was also credited to the carabao ban of 1782, the formation of the silversmiths and gold beaters guild and the construction of the first paper mill in the Philippines in 1825. To Spain, the galleon trade was the link that bound the Philippines to her. People who rendered the forced labor was called “polistas”. Laws 3. Hispanization did not spread to the mountainous center of northern Luzon, nor to the inland communities of Mindanao. The islands were part of the larger Spanish East Indies. The trade lasted for over two hundred years, and ceased in 1815 just before the secession of American colonies from Spain.[25]. Today the Philippines is an archipelago of 7,000 islands. They would later be represented in the eight rays of the sun in the Filipino flag. Among the reformers was José Rizal, who wrote two novels while in Europe. In the later years of the 18th century, Governor-General Basco introduced economic reforms that gave the colony its first significant internal source income from the production of tobacco and other agricultural exports. 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