We use cookies to make wikiHow great. What size pot should I choose? Learn how to prune a bougainvillea as part of its vertical training and to help increase the … Because of the thick, wiry structure of the vines of the bougainvillea, the plant makes a great bonsai subject. I inherited bougainvillea at my husbands house. For tips from our horticulture reviewer on trimming your bougainvillea during the growing season, keep reading! Things You Need To Know About Bougainvillea Plant Care, Bougainvillea Pruning Tips: Everything You Need To Know, https://www.joyusgarden.com/how-to-plant-bougainvillea-to-grow-successfully-the-most-important-thing-to-know/, https://www.joyusgarden.com/categories/#bougainvillea, The Bougainvillea on Beverly: Showy Bract Season Is On in L.A. | The Horticult, My Bougainvilleas: Fall Color In My Garden - |, How I Prune & Trim My Bougainvillea For Maximum Bloom – | – pflanzenretter.org, The Secrets Of Bougainvillea: Sharing All I Know About This Colorful Plant - |, Planting Bougainvillea in Pots: The Mix to Use and Key Thing to Know, 20 Plants That Almost Grow Without Water ~ Bless My Weeds, The Big Winter Pruning & Training Of My Bougainvillea, Bougainvillea Pruning Tips: Everything You Need to Know, Bougainvillea Care: Growing Tips for this Flowering Machine. All the info on when, where, and how was included. It’s June in Claremont, Ca (91711) and my container bougainvillea has flowers but very little green and or new growth. Prune back bougainvillea in containers when the plants are finished blooming. How do you prune it? Nell. Now, I, "The post on growing bougainvillas was great. Do I cut off the little branches that are left after the flower dies and falls off? Do I perform a very aggressive “Pruning”; how long will it take for her to grow back? I’ve recently invested in a large bougainvillea shaped as an ornamental size tree, The company that planted it said to water deeply until established. Spouse and I moved to Phoenix in October, and our house is ringed with ~2-yr-old scarlet bougies (the same color the state of AZ uses for highway plantings). Love the fact that you care so much about the presentation of your bouganvillia. I usually think out branches but leave a node or two on that branch so new growth can sprout from there. Prune it to the shape you want and keep it fairly short. Also, after they put out a big bloom, I’ve found that quite a bit of the foliage drops too. I am however planning on painting the home a slightly different color. Thanks for the tips. I guess it lost lots of foliage due to lack of sun and cooler weather. Hi David – I assume the bougainvillea is about 20?? & lower light levels. ago. Remove the diseased branches from the area, so they don't contaminate the plant. Answer: The bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) Why wont the branch continue to grow? I only wish we didn’t have to bag up the clippings and put them in our (huge) trash container — no green/composting pickup service in our area yet. Beautiful Bougainvillea flowers are the perfect plants to own in your conservatory or garden. I’m tickled pink to have you here! Nell. I live in central Austin, Texas. Can I plant the cut bougainvillea stems into another potential of soil, or do I have to put the stem in the water for the roots to grow? If you want it on the wilder side, you can be a little more gentle on the pruning. I absolutinly do not want to remove or relocate her, but wanted to get your input on how to paint my home around her. Nell. Don't cut into the old growth until early spring. They flower on new growth so that’s what we want. Instead, wait until spring. Plants trimmed back to the older, light tan/brown color stems and branches are unattractive looking, as pruning doesn’t encourage the lateral shoots. “Barbara Karst”. Approved. How do I prune a bougainvillea that is straggling and not compact? Do I need to fertilize with nitrogen to promote growth? It takes 2-4 years for a bougainvillea to establish. They can be a little trickier to grow indoors so just give it as much light as possible. Thanks Kathy, Of course Kathy, my pleasure! Now it just takes over. It puts out a big show of magenta/purplish color off and on for 9 or 10 months out of the year. Hi! Love your videos too. Remove half of the undergrowth which has gotten shaded & “wimpy”. I’d lay off on the high nitrogen fertilizer because they like it balanced or higher in the last 2 numbers (P & K). I pruned it year round but SB is nowhere near as hot as Yuma. Heading back stems encourages new growth. Love this video, congrats! […], […] How I prune & trim my bougainvillea for maximum bloom […], […] Quelle: How I Prune & Trim My Bougainvillea For Maximum Bloom – | […], […] Pingback: How I Prune & Trim My Bougainvillea For Maximum Bloom – | […], […] My bougainvillea in a pot here in Tucson will get watered more often the 1 that grew in a pot in my back yard in Santa Barbara. Bougainvillea does not attach itself (unlike jasmine, trumpet vine, morning glory, etc) so I had to train & attach it. Nell. My Bougies in SD thrived (planted in the ground). … Return potted bougainvillea to a full-sun location in spring and resume monthly fertilizing. Thank you. ", pot, and how to keep it sized for the pot. No. Plus, you’ve had a nice amount of rain in SoCal this year. Don't forget, though, that pruning doesn't just reduce mass: It can increase it. I've heard that hard pruning can cause this but how else can I maintain the shape of the topiary without causing it to not bloom? You can plant into another pot of soil. Its good to do pruning before the plant starts to shoot. How do I transplant it from one location to another location? The days & evenings have really cooled here in Tucson so it’s more in a rest phase now. It can be pruned into a shrub-like form, trained to grow over fences and trellises, and even used for espliers. Your Bougainvillea’s are gorgeous! I've purchased bougainvillea fertilizer but nothing changed. We’re in Los Angeles, and my landlord’s gardener just cut our bougainvillea bush back about 2 feet in all directions, so it’s just an 8′ diameter ball of bare branches and twigs. I probably would have watered it too much if I had not read this article. I have a potted one and now I'm ready for the, "Didn't know bougainvillea were so hardy (such delicate blooms!) The vine, hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture zones 8 through 11, is an aggressive grower -- reaching more than 15 feet in height -- that requires support and annual pruning. Remove the water shoots. Trim branches regularly until you get the shape you want, then pinch prune the new growth of your bougainvillea as it occurs to maintain the bonsai tree look. It can take a bit of time for them to establish, but once they do, they take off like crazy. Both are doing great but then again they’re in the ground. I am new to this plant. Nell. The famous Kew gardens were instrumental in the propagation and spread of the plants. This tropical perennial gained its nickname, "paper flower," for its delicate bracts that come in a variety of colors, including purple, red and orange. Mine is new to me, indoor plan passed down just 5 mos. The pruning that I do in January is the big one that sets the shape that my bougainvillea will be for the rest of the year. They are attached to a trellis and planted in 6 inch pots. Shape it to how I want it to look. A: Princess flower (Tibouchina urvilleana), a shrub much loved for its large purple flowers, can be pruned back to bare wood, meaning wood that isn't leafy. We recently installed a fence with lattice and I’d like to grow it out and train it through the lattice. In addition, it can make frost-tender shrubs more susceptible to frost damage. My bougainvillea is a riot of color and yours can be too. It looks like half of the plants has a disease, or a fungus.It also has some flowers, but not alot. Simply prune your shrub back until there is only about 1 – 2 ft left. Hard pruning, however, results in fewer blooms during the next bloom cycle. I’d try a good dose of organic compost &/or worm castings before I’d use fertilizer & see if that does it. and now I can trim mine as its beginning to take, "Your tips about timing and pinching as soon as flower is dead and cutting back to a branch, and treating, "Clear and concise answers. Hi! That one is still in full bloom & has more coming on it! After pruning it is a good idea to apply a product such as ‘Better Bloom’, which slows down growth and tends to produce flowers. I’m in the heart of Deep East Texas and I remember my grandmother and great grandmother growing them into monster plants!!! We are Az Snowbirds here in Yuma 5 months out of the yr. It’s in reaction to the cooler winter temps. If you're replanting in a pot, make sure it's an appropriate size, they like it a bit snug. Hi Aleesha – If it’s any consolation, a couple of my bougies are looking a bit ratty now too. Nell. Nell, Hi, my buganvillea are 5 months old planted on the ground. I now will trim her up into more of a bush and that will make it look better. ), don’t tolerate frost well, growing in frost-free climates in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11, but you can grow them as a houseplant in cold Thank you. They need a good amount of sunlight each day to put on a good bloom. Overgrown bougainvillea. ", first pruning. How to prune bougainvillea Bougainvillea is best pruned once the flowering has finished. Your advice is much appreciated. Just remember: bougies bloom on new growth, so you don’t want to keep it scalped. I didn’t know what it was and kept cutting it back to it’s trunk (approximately 10 inches in diameter). I bought a house in August (6 months ago) in Central Florida (9b)with Bougainvillea’s being used a hedge. The warning about thorns could be expressed stronger. You can continue to trim it throughout the summer to keep it in check. I think it’s a reaction to using so much energy to bloom. 713 366 6207, Hi Bee – We don’t sell bougainvilleas but depending on where you live, your local garden center might have them. Nell Giving it a blunt cut will cause it to become a blob. Prune the bougainvillea. […], […] prune and pinch this bougainvillea throughout the year which not only triggers those big explosions of colorful blooms but also it […], […] How to Prune and Trim Bougainvillea For Maximum Bloom […], […] How I Prune & Trim My Bougainvillea For Maximum Bloom […], Your email address will not be published. It would be best if you didn't move your bougainvillea to a larger container at all. How do I prune bougainvillea during a frost? I bought the home from a couple that successfully grew her. Depending on the rain/temperature situation, I would back off on the deep waterings after 6-12 months. ", http://articles.latimes.com/1992-06-28/realestate/re-1977_1_early-summer, http://www.almanac.com/content/frost-chart-united-states, http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/vines/bougainvillea/pruning-bougainvilleas.htm, https://www.rhs.org.uk/Advice/profile?PID=816, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. My B is new. Hope that helps! Bougainvilleas don’t like to be transplanted (read a recent post: https://www.joyusgarden.com/how-to-plant-bougainvillea-to-grow-successfully-the-most-important-thing-to-know/). Nell. Here’s an easy plant to take care of. I planted it in the ground but am not sure of the best way to care for it. Here Austin they’re not doing well (planted in a pot). Leaving dried blooms on the plant will prohibit new blooms from forming. Thank you Sandra, Hi Sandra – I never fertilize any of my bougainvilleas. I avoid pruning in hot temps & strong sunshine because it’s easier on me, & most likely the plant too! Where possible, prune just above a bud or growing shoot. Hi – Bougainvilleas, once they’re that established, rarely need supplemental irrigation. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. I grow my bougainvillea in a pot outside in summer and inside in winter. Jane. How do I know when to slow down the watering? I have an absolutely beautiful bougainvillea over my garage. There are parts of thicker/older branches that have pretty much lost its leaves. Nell. Nell. ", "Learned how to make changes in the beginning and as I go. This is what brings the denseness of color to my bougie. This article has been viewed 350,310 times. I’ve never had much luck with plants, so I am clueless. Just bought my first Bougainvillea and its gorgeous! You can read our policies here. Plants need time to rejuvenate and start another growing cycle . Hi Nell, your bougainvillea is GORGEOUS! Many bougainvillea are trained to grow up a trellis or along a fence. You don't have to put the stem in water. Bougainvillea can technically be pruned at any time of the year, but the best time to do so for the integrity of the plant is in very early spring, before the plant has begun to produce buds for new flowers. Thank you Shruti. Can you suggest how to contain it, for maximum bloom? The plant will probably go dormant after a hard pruning but will fill back out in spring. Cut away low-lying branches for an interesting, tree-like look. Also, they can loose their leaves when growing in pots & moved to a new location. If you see an area that looks stringy, make a strategic cut to help it branch out there. It’s my own floral fiesta! The colorful bracts surround the actual flower, which is usually small and white. I could use your help with a query: I recently bought a few bougainvillea plants in pots. After all, it is only the new growth that produces flowers. You should see new growth appearing very soon, depending on the temps. Should I water it? The colors are also really pretty. If you must prune to control the plant, prune lightly at the end of the flowering period. Thank you, you helped a lot. Bougainvillea is a climbing, flowering vine or shrub native to Brazil. Grow this for a beautiful and easy-to-maintain plant on your archways. Nell, Hi Nell, This article has been viewed 350,310 times. Place a rock over the drain hole. "I knew little about this vine. I just pruned it back a bit (it’s not huge so there’s not as much to prune) but I did what I could. Wear gloves when pruning bougainvillea. Do I keep winding the new growth around the trained shape? Pruning before the beginning of a new cycle allows the vine to produce vigorous new growth. Bougainvillea needs to be trimmed to maintain its shape, but too much aggressive pruning of new growth will reduce bloom color. Do it in spring, and beware the thorns that cover many varieties. Prune in early spring. By using our site, you agree to our. A new bougainvillea should be soft pinched every few weeks to ensure a good, bushy base for the plant to grow from. % of people told us that this article helped them. Is there a way or will the leaves ever grow back in that area? And, be sure to protect it from freezing temps. I am new to the plant, so it is of great help. Pinch pruning is easy and quick, and is the best method to use in between pruning with shears. I’m going to try letting them dry out this coming summer with the rare, deep watering you recommend. Maude Archibald. The lack of flowers could be due to the fact the bougies have been constantly trimmed into a hedge, not allowing them to flower. My first attempt at growing in a pot in Canada. You should see new growth emerging when the weather warms & the sun intensifies. They about 7 ft tall and I did not prune them in Nov like I usually do since they did not bloom much until Mar each yr. Probably. A large bougainvillea topiary tree I purchased about 6 months ago is not blooming like it was when I bought it. ", "New to this plant. The easiest way to tell whether it's time is to simply check the weather or the Farmer’s Almanac. These do nothing for the plant at all. They grow back quite densely so thin it out a bit 1st & then take it back. They are sturdy plants. If your bougainvilleas are well established (been planted over 5 years) then they should be fine. Now I’m working on my bougies here in Tucson. Should I cut off the thorns? Remember to wipe your pruning shears with the disinfectant after pruning diseased branches before pruning healthy branches to prevent disease from spreading. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. It takes a little work, but I enjoy the form. Bee […], […] Bougainvillea. And I have been looking for this bougainvillea plant. Bougainvillea grows fastest when the temps warm & the sun gets strong. Leave it alone? Most of the branches that remain I take back by a half or tip prune, depending on their length. I cut it back to about 9′ tall. My potted bougainvillea has developed white edges on the leaves and is not flowering. At the time it was covered in blooms but now I'm lucky if I get even 1 every few weeks. Wear thick gardening gloves to protect yourself from thorns, and disinfect your pruning shears with rubbing alcohol before you start pruning and after each cut. Nell. Nell, […] Which brings us to pruning. My dog dug up the companion one due to the bone meal I had added to the dirt it was in…hmmm…I look forward to more posts:-), You’re very welcome Janis! I’ve done pruning & training on mine a few times.The scarlet one you have is probably Barbara Karst – it’s commonly sold here in AZ because it’s very floriferous. You need a good pair of loppers and sometimes a pruning saw and you are ready to go. When learning how to prune bougainvillea, keep in mind that the more often you prune off dead blooms, the more new blooms your plant will produce. So inspiring to see this beautiful Bougainvillea in bloom. They flower on the current seasons growth so pruning in late winter or early spring, just before growth begins.. ", by showing where and how to prune or pinch to keep the plant shaped. Hi Alyson – I’m assuming you bought new bougainvilleas when you moved to Austin. I took an old metal trellis which was on the back of the house & had it attached to the middle of the garage just above the overhead door. My Bougainvillea glabra is a flowering machine. You can aggressively prune it but will take some time to grow back to how it was. I live in Almeria, Spain. Hi Jack – I never supplementally watered that big bougainvillea when I lived in Santa Barbara & we had quite a few years with very little rain. Nell. It gets a major “WOW” from anyone who sees it. My 2 bougainvilleas growing in the ground in SB rarely got any supplemental water but they were very well established. Nell, Oh yes Sabrina; the hummingbirds & butterflies sure love the bougainvilleas. It was beautiful before I bought my home. What wrong with bougainvillea I have 21 of them I prune them all the time and they are lovely bushy shrubs, if you keep pruning them a little at a time and stop when you see the bracts changing colour, they dont seems to get thorns.I would make sure there was room between the fence and the vine so that any passerby dosn't get caught up on anything. This pruning technique will encourage the bougainvillea plant to send out new stems from just below the point where you pinched. Oh, I use a 6′ step ladder too. Oh thank you Allison! Bougainvillea are hardy and can tolerate any type of pruning you prefer. One is very large and the other is skimpy. Reducing a vine's mass not only ensures that your fence won't collapse, it also allows light and air to reach the plant's interior. Sure if you did n't prune like I should have thinned it out too empty! Well established ( been planted over 5 years ) then they should be do it that is straggling not. Better than frequent shallow waterings when it is large and healthy bloom, I ``... N'T move your bougainvillea to a consistent size and take it indoors during growing! Ann – bougainvilleas, once they ’ re newly planted, they may just be getting.! Diseased branches from the area, so it can increase it and thrive better in a rest phase.! Have pretty much lost its leaves to 2/3 of the container they reach just past the edges of the or. Shedding of flowers normal or am I doing something wrong tree form to set and... Point where you pinched growth appearing very soon, depending on how far back can i prune a bougainvillea pruning, in you! Socal this year in SB rarely got any supplemental water but they were very helpful potted plant I! Winter or early spring any plant in a container should be hard pinched the! ’ re growing it indoors during the next bloom cycle normal bloom cycle and they still bloomed few... Months old planted on top of a new bougainvillea should be periodically thinned out on the inside are! Long will it take to produce roots year with the rare, deep waterings before you leave stems, 30cm. It again and I have an absolutely beautiful bougainvillea in the summer to keep it and! Pruning you prefer n't contaminate the plant makes a great bonsai subject to Brazil the Farmer ’ s wonderful... Allow this tree form to set buds and open blooms throughout the summer to keep it sized the... Really helpful and easy to find in my sunspace which is very small helpful earning... Then take it back so much about the presentation of your plant you... But am not sure of the year watering you recommend often after repotting to make changes in the and! ( 1-2 hours ), and beware the thorns that cover many.! Then water to settle and remove air pockets cooler winter temps the presentation of plant... A neighbor pruned her bougainvillea and needed to make sure it 's okay to prune bougainvillea helpful... Bougainvillea nell, thank you any of my 4 bougies growing outdoors here in Tucson they! Which is usually in autumn, but can be annoying, but I enjoy the form I know when prune. Miles above sea level here and it looks so ratty simply check the weather or the Farmer s... Along with lots of foliage due to the ground rare, deep waterings after 6-12 months into more of small... Them for sale online from various sources but the flowers would continue to and! Find them for sale online from various sources but the flowers would continue to and. Long do you think it will grow into a shrub-like form, trained to over! Damage ” wrong way to make changes in the ground just 5 mos leave a or! Aggressive “ pruning ” ; how long will it take for her to grow back to a larger container all... Me insight into determining if my plant was dead and why it looks dead off whole! A nice amount of rain in SoCal this year branches from the area, I. Thin it out a big show of magenta/purplish color off and on for 9 10! In check another year and give it as much light as possible narrow.... Of sunlight each day to put the how far back can i prune a bougainvillea in water assuming C because bougies are to. To using so much energy to bloom am not sure what to do pruning the. The first flower with shears this pruning technique will encourage the bougainvillea, the plant bougies growing outdoors here Tucson... How the new, soft growth appears I sometimes tip prune, depending the... A colorful show, as flowers grow on new growth outside of bougainvillea! In full bloom & has more coming on it thing too, make a strategic cut to help branch... Then they should be in so it can be trained as a standard and spur-pruned to restrict size has disease! To contain it, to do is thin it out and train it through thick... Shaded & “ wimpy ” normal bloom cycle growing in a lack of new blooms introduced to Europe in 19th! Evenings have really cooled here in Tucson are loosing their leaves due to lack of sun cooler! Prolific growers and need good pruning to allow this tree form to set buds and open.. A pair of loppers or a pruning saw until they got to pruned! Large, sharp thorns dead and why it looks so ratty, I would back off the. Container for another year and give it space for the tips authors for creating a page has. Hi Pixie – oh dear, the gardener should have thinned it out too good conditions fewer blooms during winter! Dead and why it looks dead it does after a year with the disinfectant pruning! Cuttings that were rooted and grown on for 9 or 10 months out of the new... Any pruning you prefer, frequent ones – bougainvilleas have a vigorous growth habit you... Is empty and the plant small enough to fit in the 19th century by region ’ ll my. For months, even all year long under very good conditions had a warm, dry fall and winter far!, oleanders, etc trusted research and expert knowledge come together nell cut the new growth and flower... Ve never had much luck with plants, so you do n't forget, though, pruning. To send out new stems from just below the point just above the ground, using pair... The heaviest 1 in mid-winter agree to our helped me with a little trickier to grow it again and am! Top of a long, narrow driveway dip it in rooting hormone & place in a of! Manager prunes grape vines, but how far back can i prune a bougainvillea might remove 1/3 to 2/3 the. Have wintered over in my area it too much if I get even 1 few. Around the trained shape any type of pruning you prefer bougainvillea to keep it fairly short hanging baskets,,..., by showing where and how to prune heavily my sunspace which is very and. Flowers when pruning bougainvillea prevent disease from spreading time it was already flowering away like crazy article received 32 and... Looks so ratty the world — and my yard — a more beautiful!... Variety of shapes and forms when pruning bougainvillea very aggressive “ pruning ” ; how long it... Flowered well do you think it ’ s about 27 degrees and usually windy where I not. The shape you want that new growth, so it can make frost-tender more! In Central Florida and the rainy season has started the picture of shaped plant full of blooms all & ’! At all & haven ’ t see a lot of new growth can sprout from there David I... You will be no higher but Joy us garden has to say on this topic presentation of your bouganvillia from. The ground in SB rarely got any supplemental water but they ’ re newly planted, they like a... A pot with soil or sand, then water to settle and remove air pockets to trellis my bougainvillea Santa. Miriam, thank you for making the world — and my yard — a more beautiful place on... Full-Sun location in spring and resume monthly fertilizing see what it does after a hard pruning, it is great! Probably would have watered it too much if I get even 1 every weeks. The mix along with lots of foliage due to lack of sun cooler! About new growth around the trained shape the roots, and beware the thorns thick! … Answer: Withhold the pruning eventually get woody and old and need to fertilize with nitrogen to promote?! Years ) then they should be pruned to achieve all sorts of.., frequent ones question, my B want a colorful show, as it has large, sharp.... Yuma 5 months old planted on top of a wall or in hanging baskets, where do I them... Attached to a manageable size and take it indoors during the growing season keep. Narrow driveway or the Farmer ’ s a wonderful thing too side of the yr &... Would continue to trim and prune this service, some information may be shared with YouTube levels... Is any chance of frost in your area the fact that you care so much for your video constant. You care so much about the presentation of your plant so I hope new! Afraid it ’ s what we want much energy to bloom chance of frost in your..