Steuben reached Valley Forge on Feb. Several locations in the United States are also named Steubenmost of them in his honor. The Reveille is beat at day-break, and is the signal for the soldiers to rise, and the centuries to leave off challenging. If the column marches by the left, the officers go to the left of their respective platoons. To the {Right/Left} Wheel! This last command is only for the sentinel relieving, and the one to be relieved; the former immediately approaching with the corporal, and having received his orders from the old sentry, takes his place; and the sentry relieved marches into the ranks, placing himself on the left of the rear rank. The captain will exercise his company in wheeling entire, and by sections or platoons, both in the common and quick step, taking care that the men in the rear rank incline a little to the right or left, according to the hand they wheel to, so as always to cover exactly their file-leaders. The captain must exercise his company in different sorts of ground; and when by the badness of the ground, or any other accident, the soldier loses his step, he must immediately take it again from the sergeant in the center. When the column meets with a defile, or any obstacle, the commanding officer must stop till the column has passed it, taking care that they pass in as great order and as quick as possible; and when one half have marched through, he must command the front to halt, till the whole have passed and formed, when he will continue the march. He should be well acquainted with the interior management and discipline of the regiment, and the manner of keeping rosters and forming details. The general and field officers of the day will visit the several guards during the day, as often and at such hours as they judge proper. Although no officer should be ignorant of the service of the guards, yet it particularly behooves the lieutenant to be perfectly acquainted with that duty; he being oftener than any other officer entrusted with command of the guard- a trust of the highest importance, on the faithful execution of which the safety of an army depends; and in which the officer has frequent opportunities to distinguish himself by his judgment, vigilance and bravery. If the defile should present itself behind any other part of the battalion, the platoons farthest off must always retreat first; and if the defile becomes narrower than at the entrance, the platoons must double behind each other. When the whole are assembled, the adjutant of the day dresses the line, counts the files from right to left, and takes post on the right. 3d. Bring the left hand down strong upon the burr. “Baron Von Steuben’s Revolutionary War Drill Manual” A facsimile reprint of the 1794 Edition of the “REGULATIONS for the Order and Discipline of the TROOPS of the UNITED STATES” by BARON DE STEUBEN ISBN0-486-24934-4. Invaluable reference for historians, military buffs details drill and field service regulations: formation of a company, marching, firings, inspection, much more. The whole step off with the quick step, each platoon marching close in the rear of that preceding it, to its place in the columns. The adjutant is to be chosen from among the subalterns, the field officers taking care to nominate one the most intelligent and best acquainted with the service. Please re-enter recipient e-mail address es. When all have entered but the two center platoons, that on the right faces to the right about, and marches twenty paces into the defile; when the officer commands. The corporals are to be answerable that the sentries, when relieving, perform their motions with the greatest spirit and exactness. When the files of this platoon are disordered by the loss of men, he must exert himself to dress and complete them afresh, with the utmost expedition. He must on no account suffer the soldiers to pull off their accoutrements, of straggle more than twenty paces from the guard; and if water or any other necessaries are wanted for the guard, they must be sent for by a non-commissioned officer and some men (with their arms if at an outpost) on no account suffering a soldier to go by himself; but never whilst the sentinels are relieving. He must permit no stranger to enter his post, nor suffer his men to talk with him. Shut your pan briskly, bringing down the elbow to the butt of the firelock, holding the cartridge fast in your hand. The four front platoons face to the right, the fifth stands fast, and the sixth, seventh and eighth face to the left. The whole face to the right, except the right platoon; at the same time the leading file of each platoon breaks off, in order to march in the rear of its preceding platoon. The guards in camp will be relieved every hours. The line charge their bayonets, and quicken their step; the drums beat the long roll; and the officers and men must take care to dress to the center, and not crowd or open their files. Open columns may in the same manner be formed by the left, center, of any particular platoon, the officers taking care to preserve their proper distances. If the defile will not permit more than four files to pass, the four files before which the defile presents itself enter without any word of command; the rest face inwards, and follow them; the whole marching through by files. 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